Crizotinib in Treating Younger Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Solid Tumors or Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma



Status:Completed
Conditions:Cancer, Brain Cancer, Lymphoma
Therapuetic Areas:Oncology
Healthy:No
Age Range:Any - 21
Updated:1/11/2019
Start Date:September 21, 2009
End Date:December 31, 2018

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A Phase 1/2 Study of PF-02341066, an Oral Small Molecule Inhibitor of Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK) and C-Met, in Children With Relapsed/Refractory Solid Tumors and Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma

This phase I/II trial the studies side effects and best dose of crizotinib and to see how
well it works in treating young patients with solid tumors or anaplastic large cell lymphoma
that has returned after a period of improvement or does not respond to treatment. Crizotinib
may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
(Phase I completed 2/15/13)

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommend a Phase 2 dose of PF-02341066
(crizotinib) administered orally twice daily to children with relapsed/refractory solid
tumors and anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL). (completed 2/15/13) II. To define and
describe the toxicities of PF-02341066 administered on this schedule.

III. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of PF-02341066 in children with refractory cancer.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To preliminarily define the anti-tumor activity of PF-02341066 within the confines of a
Phase 1 study. (completed 2/15/13) II. To obtain initial Phase 2 data on the anti-tumor
activity of PF-02341066 in children with relapsed/refractory neuroblastoma and ALCL.

III. To preliminarily examine the relationship between anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)
status (e.g, the presence of a mutation, duplication, amplification, and/or translocation) in
patients with neuroblastoma (NB) or ALCL and response to PF-02341066.

IV. To preliminarily examine the relationship between minimal residual disease (MRD) status
and clinical response to PF-02341066 in patients with ALCL.

V. To use a questionnaire to gather preliminary information on the palatability of the oral
solution formulation of PF-02341066.

VI. To evaluate for potential alterations in bone growth in pediatric patients.

OUTLINE: This is a phase I dose-escalation study (completed 2/15/13) followed by a phase II
study.

Patients receive crizotinib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-28. Treatment repeats
every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients receiving the formulated capsules must have a body surface area (BSA) >= 0.63
m^2 at the time of study enrollment

- Patients must have had histologic verification of malignancy at original diagnosis or
relapse

- * Phase 1 (Part A1) - COMPLETE: Patients with relapsed or refractory solid tumors or
anaplastic large cell lymphoma (excluding patients with primary or metastatic central
nervous system [CNS] tumors or patients with primary cutaneous ALCL)

- * Phase 1 (Part A2) - COMPLETE: Patients with confirmed ALK fusion proteins, ALK
mutations, ALK amplification (defined as greater than 4-fold increase in the ALK
signal number as compared to reference signal number on chromosome 2q arm) or MET
proto-oncogene, receptor tyrosine kinase (MET) mutation or amplification; testing to
confirm the presence of ALK fusion proteins, ALK mutations, ALK amplification or
evidence of MET mutation or amplification for eligibility purposes must be performed
as a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (CLIA)-certified assay; ALK
immunohistochemistry can be used as a surrogate for fluorescent in situ hybridization
(FISH) for patients with inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMT) or ALCL

- ** Note: Evidence for MET mutation or amplification is defined as:

- Positive for c-Met amplification by FISH; or

- Positive for known c-Met kinase domain activating mutations including V1110L,
H1112L, H1112Y, H1124D, M1149T, T1191I, V1206L, L1213V, V1238I, M1268T, P1009S,
T1010I, R988C, V941L, but excluding Y1248C, Y1248H, Y1248D, and Y1253D; or

- Chromosomal translocations that lead to altered transcriptional regulation of
c-Met and/or hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) including metastatic alveolar soft
part sarcoma, clear cell sarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, or translocation associated
renal cell carcinoma)

- * Phase 1 (Part A3) - COMPLETE: Patients with relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma,
with or without bone marrow involvement, who are not eligible for Part A1 or A2 or
cannot enroll on Part A1 because of stratum suspension or lack of available slots
(these patients will be enrolled at one dose level below the dose level at which
patients on Part A1 are actively enrolling)

- * Phase 2 (Part B): Patients with ALK+ relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma

- * Phase 2 (Part C): Patients with ALK+ relapsed or refractory ALCL (excluding patients
with primary cutaneous ALCL)

- * Phase 2 (Part A2): Patients with diagnoses other than neuroblastoma or ALCL with
confirmed ALK fusion proteins, ALK mutations, ALK amplification (defined as greater
than 4-fold increase in the ALK signal number as compared to reference signal number
on chromosome 2q arm) or MET mutation or amplification; testing to confirm the
presence of ALK fusion proteins, ALK mutations, ALK amplification or evidence of MET
mutation or amplification for eligibility purposes must be performed as a
CLIA-certified assay; ALK immunohistochemistry can be used as a surrogate for FISH for
patients with IMT

- Disease status:

- Phase 1 (Part A): Patients must have either measurable and/or evaluable disease

- Phase 2 (Part B): Patients with neuroblastoma must have proven ALK+ disease with
either measurable and/or evaluable disease as indicated below:

- Measurable tumor on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography
(CT) scan or X-ray obtained within 2 weeks prior to study enrollment

- Evaluable tumor by meta-iodobenzyl guanidine I 123 (MIBG) scan and/or bone
marrow involvement with tumor cells seen on routine morphology

- Phase 2 (Part C): Patients must have proven ALK+ disease with either measurable
or evaluable disease

- Performance level: Karnofsky >= 50 for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky >= 50 for
patients =< 16 years of age); Note: patients who are unable to walk because of
paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the
purpose of assessing the performance score

- Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior
anti-cancer therapy:

- Myelosuppressive chemotherapy:

- Solid tumors: Patients with solid tumors must not have received chemotherapy
within 3 weeks of enrollment onto this study (6 weeks if prior nitrosourea)

- Lymphoma: Patients with lymphoma who relapse during standard maintenance
therapy are eligible at time of relapse; for patients with ALCL who relapse
while they are receiving cytotoxic therapy, at least 14 days must have
elapsed since the completion of cytotoxic therapy; Note: cytoreduction with
hydroxyurea can be initiated and continued for up to 24 hours prior to the
start of PF-02341066

- At least 7 days since the completion of therapy with a growth factor

- At least 7 days since the completion of therapy with a biologic agent; for agents that
have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period
must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur; the
duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair

- At least 7 days or 3 half-lives, whichever is longer, must have elapsed since prior
treatment with a monoclonal antibody

- >= 2 weeks (wks) for local palliative radiation therapy (XRT) (small port); >= 6 weeks
must have elapsed since treatment with therapeutic doses of MIBG; >= 6 months must
have elapsed if prior total body irradiation (TBI), craniospinal XRT or >= 50%
radiation of pelvis; >= 6 wks must have elapsed if other substantial bone marrow (BM)
radiation

- Bone marrow/stem cell transplant or infusion without TBI:

- Part A1 or Part C: No evidence of active graft vs host disease and >= 3 months
must have elapsed since stem cell transplant or infusion

- Part A2, Part A3, or Part B: No evidence of active graft vs host disease and >= 6
weeks must have elapsed since stem cell transplant or infusion

- At least 42 days after the completion of any type of immunotherapy, e.g. tumor
vaccines

- Patients must not have received prior therapy with PF-02341066

- Patients on Part A1 or Part C of the study:

- For patients with solid tumors or ALCL without bone marrow involvement:

- Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,000/mm^3

- Platelet count >= 75,000/mm^3 (transfusion independent, defined as not
receiving platelet transfusions within a 7 day period prior to enrollment)

- Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL (may receive red blood cell [RBC] transfusions)

- Patients with known bone marrow metastatic disease:

- Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 750/mm^3

- Platelet count >= 25,000/mm^3 (may receive platelet transfusions)

- Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL (may receive RBC transfusions)

- Not known to be refractory to RBC or platelet transfusions Transfusions are
permitted to meet both the platelet and hemoglobin criteria; Note: patients
with known bone marrow metastatic disease are not evaluable for
hematological toxicity for the purposes of dose escalation

- Patients eligible for Part A2, Part A3, or Part B of the study must meet the
hematologic criteria below for enrollment:

- Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 750/mm^3

- Platelet count >= 25,000/mm^3 (may receive platelet transfusions)

- Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL (may receive RBC transfusions)

- Not known to be refractory to red cell or platelet transfusions Transfusions are
permitted to meet both the platelet and hemoglobin criteria

- Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70
ml/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:

- 1 to < 2 years: 0.6 mg/dL

- 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 mg/dL

- 6 to < 10 years: 1 mg/dL

- 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 mg/dL

- 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 mg/dL (male), 1.4 mg/dL (female)

- >= 16 years: 1.7 mg/dL (male), 1.4 mg/dL (female)

- Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for
age

- Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 110
U/L; for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L

- Serum albumin >= 2 g/dL

- Corrected QT interval (QTc) =< 480 msec

- All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed
consent; assent, when appropriate, will be obtained according to institutional
guidelines

- Patients taking the capsule formulation must be able to swallow capsules; feeding tube
administration is allowed for patients receiving the oral solution (OS)

Exclusion Criteria:

- Pregnant or breast-feeding women will not be entered on this study; pregnancy tests
must be obtained in girls who are post-menarchal; males or females of reproductive
potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective
contraceptive method

- Patients receiving corticosteroids who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of
corticosteroid for the prior 7 days are not eligible

- Patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible

- Patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents, with the exception of
hydroxyurea for patients with ALCL, are not eligible

- As PF-02341066 is an inhibitor of cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide
4 (CYP3A4), patients chronically receiving medications known to be metabolized by
CYP3A4 and with narrow therapeutic indices including pimozide, aripiprazole,
triazolam, ergotamine and halofantrine are not eligible; the topical use of these
medications (if applicable) is allowed

- Patients chronically receiving drugs that are known potent CYP3A4 inhibitors within 7
days prior to study enrollment, including but not limited to, ketoconazole,
itraconazole, miconazole, clarithromycin, erythromycin, ritonavir, indinavir,
nelfinavir, saquinavir, amprenavir, delavirdine, nefazodone, diltiazem, verapamil, and
grapefruit juice are not eligible; the topical use of these medications (if
applicable), e.g. 2% ketoconazole cream, is allowed

- Patients chronically receiving drugs that are known potent CYP3A4 inducers within 12
days prior to study enrollment, including but not limited to carbamazepine,
phenobarbital, phenytoin, rifabutin, rifampin, tipranavir, ritonavir, and St. John?s
wort are not eligible; the topical use of these medications (if applicable) is allowed

- Patients with known interstitial fibrosis or interstitial lung disease are not
eligible

- Patients with a known history of myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident are
not eligible

- Patients with central nervous system (CNS) tumors or known CNS metastases are not
eligible; patients with a history of CNS metastases that have been surgically resected
are eligible only if the baseline evaluation shows no evidence of current CNS
metastases; patients with any evidence of CNS metastases on baseline evaluation are
not eligible, regardless of whether the lesions have been previously treated and/or
appear stable

- Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible

- Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the
safety monitoring requirements of the study are not eligible
We found this trial at
28
sites
1600 7th Avenue
Birmingham, Alabama 35233
(205) 638-9100
Children's Hospital of Alabama Children
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3333 Burnet Avenue # Mlc3008
Cincinnati, Ohio 45229
 1-513-636-4200 
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Patients and families from across the region and around the...
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700 Childrens Drive
Columbus, Ohio 43205
(616) 722-2000
Nationwide Children's Hospital At Nationwide Children’s, we are creating the future of pediatric health care....
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262 Danny Thomas Pl
Memphis, Tennessee 38105
(901) 495-3300
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital St. Jude is unlike any other pediatric treatment and research...
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1201 W La Veta Ave
Orange, California 92868
(714) 997-3000
Children's Hospital of Orange County For more than 45 years, CHOC Children’s has been steadfastly...
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South 34th Street
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104
 215-590-1000
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Since its start in 1855 as the nation's first hospital devoted...
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4401 Penn Avenue
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15224
412-692-5325
Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC UPMC is one of the leading nonprofit health systems...
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3181 Southwest Sam Jackson Park Road
Portland, Oregon 97239
503 494-8311
Oregon Health and Science University In 1887, the inaugural class of the University of Oregon...
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1540 East Hospital Drive
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109
(877) 475-6688
C S Mott Children's Hospital Behind the doors of C.S. Mott Children's Hospital there exist...
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13123 E 16th Ave
Aurora, Colorado 80045
(720) 777-1234
Children's Hospital Colorado At Children's Hospital Colorado, we see more, treat more and heal more...
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9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
301-496-2563
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Clinical Center in...
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450 Brookline Ave
Boston, Massachusetts 2215
617-632-3000
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Since it’s founding in 1947, Dana-Farber has been committed to providing adults...
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Chicago, Illinois 60614
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705 Riley Hospital Dr
Indianapolis, Indiana 46202
(317) 944-5000
Riley Hospital for Children Riley Hospital for Children at IU Health is a place of...
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9000 W Wisconsin Ave #270
Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226
(414) 266-2000
Children's Hospital of Wisconsin Nothing matters more than our children. At Children's Hospital of Wisconsin,...
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Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455
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Nashville, Tennessee 37232
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660 S Euclid Ave
Saint Louis, Missouri 63110
(314) 362-5000
Washington University School of Medicine Washington University Physicians is the clinical practice of the School...
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San Francisco, California 94158
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San Francisco, California 94143
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4800 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, Washington 98105
(206) 987-2000
Seattle Children's Hospital Seattle Children’s Hospital specializes in meeting the unique physical, emotional and developmental...
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555 University Avenue
Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X8
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111 Michigan Ave NW
Washington, District of Columbia
(202) 476-5000
Childrens National Medical Center As the nation’s children’s hospital, the mission of Children’s National Medical...
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