Diet in Altering Disease Progression in Patients With Prostate Cancer on Active Surveillance



Status:Active, not recruiting
Conditions:Prostate Cancer, Cancer
Therapuetic Areas:Oncology
Healthy:No
Age Range:50 - 80
Updated:10/20/2018
Start Date:January 2011

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The Men's Eating and Living (MEAL) Study: A Randomized Trial of Diet to Alter Disease Progression in Prostate Cancer Patients on Active Surveillance

RATIONALE: Eating a diet high in vegetables may slow down disease progression in patients
with prostate cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial is studying how well diet works in altering disease
progression in patients with prostate cancer on active surveillance.

CALGB 70807 is a randomized, phase III clinical trial designed to test this practical,
diet-based intervention for prostate cancer in a broader clinical setting. Patients on AS
will be randomized either to an intervention of centralized, telephone-based dietary
counseling and structured dietary education or to a comparison control condition in which
they receive the Prostate Cancer Foundation booklet. Study endpoints will include disease
progression, incidence of treatment, and health-related quality of life.

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- To determine if a telephone-based dietary intervention compared to no intervention will
decrease clinical progression in AS patients.

Secondary

- To compare the incidence of active treatment (surgery, irradiation, local ablation, or
androgen deprivation) in AS patients receiving dietary intervention compared to no
intervention.

- To compare prostate cancer-related anxiety in AS patients receiving dietary intervention
compared to no intervention.

- To compare health-related quality of life in AS patients receiving dietary intervention
compared to no intervention.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to age (≤ 70 years vs
> 70 years), race (black or african american vs other), and baseline prostate biopsy (0-12
months before registration vs > 12-24 months before registration). Patients are randomized to
1 of 2 treatment arms. Please see the arms section for more information.

Preregistration Eligibility:

1. Histologic Documentation:

- The initial biopsy showing diagnosis of prostate cancer should be used for the
purposes of determining eligibility.

- However, if a subsequent biopsy performed before patient enrollment shows that
the patient is ineligible, he may not be enrolled to the study.

- Eligible patients must meet all of the following criteria:

- Biopsy-proven (consisting of ≥ 10 tissue cores) adenocarcinoma of the
prostate diagnosed within 24 months prior to pre-registration

- < 25% of biopsy tissue cores positive for cancer

- ≤ 50% of any one biopsy tissue core positive for cancer

- Clinical stage ≤ T2a

- Patients who have prostate cancer with distant metastases are not eligible

- NOTE: If a patient undergoes a transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) for
benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and prostate cancer is diagnosed incidentally
from the TURP specimen, eligibility for CALGB 70807 cannot be determined from the
TURP specimen. However, if the patient subsequently undergoes a minimum 10-core
prostate biopsy within 2 years of prostate cancer diagnosis from the TURP, and
prostate cancer is detected in the biopsy specimen and meets the requirements
above, the patient is eligible for this study. If prostate cancer is not detected
in the biopsy specimen, the patient is not eligible.

2. Prior Treatment: Patients who have had prior treatment for prostate cancer by surgery,
irradiation, local ablative (i.e. cryosurgery or high-intensity focused ultrasound) or
androgen deprivation therapy are not eligible.

3. Patients who have had a history of non-cutaneous malignancy (other than nonmelanoma
skin cancer) in the previous 5 years are not eligible.

4. Language: Patients must be able to read and comprehend English language text and be
able to understand spoken English over the phone.

5. Life expectancy of at least 3 years

6. Patients who are currently taking vitamin supplements including lycopene and
beta-carotene are eligible.

7. Patients receiving treatment with 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (e.g., finasteride,
dutasteride) within 90 days prior to preregistration are not eligible. Treatment with
these agents during the protocol intervention is not permitted.

8. Patients who are currently taking coumadin are not eligible.

9. Participants will be men aged 50 to 80 years.

10. For men ≤ 70 years, biopsy Gleason score ≤ 6; for men > 70 years, biopsy Gleason score
≤ (3 + 4) = 7.

11. Required Initial Laboratory Values:

- Serum PSA < 10 ng/mL

- NOTE: Baseline PSA for determination of eligibility must be measured after
discontinuation of any 5-alpha reductase inhibitors.

Registration Eligibility:

1. Successful completion of three 24-hour dietary recalls during the run-in period.

2. Patients consuming ≥ 6 servings per day of fruits and vegetables (not including
juices), as determined by the run-in dietary recalls are not eligible.
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