FAU in Treating Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors or Lymphoma

Conditions:Colorectal Cancer, Cancer, Cancer, Blood Cancer, Blood Cancer, Blood Cancer, Infectious Disease, Lymphoma, Hematology
Therapuetic Areas:Hematology, Immunology / Infectious Diseases, Oncology
Age Range:18 - Any
Start Date:July 2009

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A Phase I Study of Intravenously Administered FAU (1-(2'-Deoxy-2'-Fluoro-B-D-arabinofuranosyl) Uracil, NSC#678515) in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as FAU, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer
cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. This phase I trial is
studying the side effects and best dose of FAU in treating patients with advanced solid
tumors or lymphoma


I. To assess the safety and tolerability of FAU in patients with advanced solid tumors or

II. To determine the dose-limiting toxicity and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of FAU in these


I. To observe the clinical response in patients treated with FAU. II. To characterize the
pharmacokinetics of FAU in these patients. III. To explore whether an association exists
between pre-treatment 18F-FAU PET standardized uptake value levels and time to tumor
progression after treatment with unlabeled FAU.

IV. To estimate the protein levels of thymidylate synthase (TS) in archival tumor tissue
samples and to compare them with thymidine kinase (TK) and TS protein levels and TK and TS
mRNA levels in fresh tumor tissue samples from patients treated at the MTD.

V. To explore the relationship between genetic polymorphisms of TS and tumor 18F-FAU uptake.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive FAU IV over 1 hour on days 1-5. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence
of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed for 30 days.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Measurable disease by CT scan and/or MRI

- Archival tumor tissue sample available for correlative pharmacodynamic and
pharmacogenomic studies

- Accessible tumor tissue available (for patients enrolled in the expanded maximum
tolerated dose [MTD] cohort)

- No known active brain metastases but previously treated brain metastases allowed

- ECOG performance status (PS) 0-1 OR Karnofsky PS 70-100%

- AST and ALT =< 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (=< 5 times ULN if liver
metastases are present)

- Alkaline phosphatase =< 2.0 times ULN (=< 5 times ULN if bone or liver metastases are

- Bilirubin normal

- Creatinine normal or creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min

- Not pregnant or nursing

- Negative pregnancy test

- Fertile patients must use effective contraception

- Willing to undergo tumor biopsies for correlative pharmacodynamic studies (for
patients enrolled in the expanded MTD cohort)

- Able to lie still for PET scan

- Weight =< 300 lbs

- No uncontrolled illness including, but not limited to, any of the following:

- Ongoing or active infection

- Symptomatic congestive heart failure

- Unstable angina pectoris

- Cardiac arrhythmia

- Psychiatric illness/social situation that would preclude compliance with study

- No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or
biologic composition to FAU

- More than 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas, mitomycin C, or
bleomycin), immunotherapy, or experimental therapy and recovered

- More than 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy to > 5% of total marrow volume

- No prior radiotherapy to >= 50% of total marrow volume

- More than 3 weeks since prior radiotherapy to =< 5% of total marrow volume

- No other concurrent investigational agents

- ANC >= 1,500/mm^3

- Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3

- Life expectancy > 12 weeks

- Histologically or cytologically confirmed malignant solid tumor for which standard
curative or palliative measures do not exist or are no longer effective

- Solid hematologic malignancies (e.g., Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin lymphoma) allowed
provided bone marrow biopsy has been performed within the past 6 weeks

- Metastatic or unresectable disease

- No other concurrent anticancer therapy (e.g., cytotoxic therapy, biologic therapy,
radiotherapy, or hormonal therapy)

- Concurrent hormone replacement therapy allowed

- Concurrent megestrol acetate or bisphosphonates allowed provided they were started 1
month prior to study enrollment

- Concurrent luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists to maintain castrate levels
of testosterone allowed for patients with prostate cancer
We found this trial at
4100 John R
Detroit, Michigan 48201
Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute Karmanos is based in southeast Michigan, in midtown Detroit, and...
Detroit, MI
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