Lenalidomide in Anti-MAG Neuropathy: Phase 1b Study

Age Range:18 - Any
Start Date:September 10, 2018
End Date:September 30, 2020
Contact:Amy Bartlett, MS

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A Phase I Study of Lenalidomide in Combination With Dexamethasone in Anti-MAG Demyelinating Sensorimotor Neuropathy

Anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) is a rare autoimmune disorder of the peripheral
nerves that presents with weakness, gait imbalance, and loss of sensation. It almost always
occurs in the setting of excess protein buildup in the body in the form of immunoglobulin
monoclonal (IgM) gammopathy. Anti-MAG neuropathy currently has no established therapies. It
is diagnosed through blood tests (anti-MAG and IgM), nerve conduction studies (which showed
marked velocity slowing), and clinical exam findings.The efficacy of lenalidomide has been
demonstrated in anti-MAG peripheral neuropathy with two separate dosing regimens: 25mg on
days 1-21 of each 28 day cycle in conjunction with oral dexamethasone 20mg/day on days 1-4 of
each cycle as well as at 5mg on days 1-21 of each cycle without oral dexamethasone. This
phase 1 study aims to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of Lenalidomide in patients
with anti-MAG neuropathy. We will explore preliminary efficacy and postulate that this drug
is effective in this subset of patients, using preselected, specifically tailored outcome
measures that encompass quality of life, neurologic function, serum protein levels, and
focused measures of proprioception.

Primary Objective

1. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) in phase I of lenalidomide and recommended
dose in an extension cohort of lenalidomide of anti-MAG patients

2. To examine the safety profile of lenalidomide in anti-MAG patients Secondary Objective
To explore preliminary efficacy by using preselected, specifically tailored outcome
measures that encompass quality of life, neurologic function, serum protein levels, and
focused measures of proprioception

Study Design Part 1: Dose Escalation

Patients in the dose escalation phase will receive oral treatment with:

Lenalidomide: 10, 15, or 25 mg on Days 1-21 of every 28-day cycle Dexamethasone: 20mg on Days
1,8,15 and 22

Starting doses of Lenalidomide will be assigned at the time of registration.

To find the MTD and select the dose level for each cohort enrolled, we will use the Bayesian
optimal interval design (BOIN).3-4 BOIN is implemented in a way that is similar to the
traditional 3+3 design but has superior operating characteristics that are comparable to much
more complex model-based designs, like the continual reassessment method (CRM).

The target toxicity rate will be 0.3 and the maximum sample size will be 12 patients. The
BOIN design does not require a fixed cohort size throughout the trial. Thus, we will
initially enroll in cohorts of size 1 but can modify subsequent cohort sizes as desired.

After the enrollment of the maximum sample size, the MTD will be selected using isotonic
regression. The MTD will be the dose with the estimated toxicity rate closest to the target
rate of 0.3.

Part 2: Dose Expansion

Once the MTD has been established or determined, 3 additional patients will be treated at the
MTD of lenalidomide at the same schedule as above. Dexamethasone will be given at the same
dose as in the dose escalation portion of the study.

Patients who have not had disease progression, have experienced acceptable toxicity or have
not withdrawn for any other reason after 24 months will be eligible to continue protocol
treatment at their current dose level until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or
refusal. Those patients who have not progressed and who have experienced unacceptable
toxicity may be eligible for re-treatment at a lower dose. A maximum of 2 reductions are

Criteria for discontinuation of protocol therapy include:

- Request by the patient to withdraw

- Unacceptable adverse events

- Treatment delay of >4weeks

- Intercurrent illness which would, in the judgment of the investigator, affect
assessments of clinical status to a significant degree that require discontinuation of

- Non-protocol chemotherapy, or an experimental drug during the trial

Patients who discontinue treatment for any of the above reasons will go to event monitoring.
Once a patient has entered the event monitoring phase of the trial, his/her therapy is at the
discretion of the treating physician. Patients' charts will be reviewed for progression and
survival endpoints during visits with treating physicians.

Peripheral blood (10ml purple top EDTA for immediate analysis and 6ml red top for possible
later cytokine evaluation) will be collected at pre-treatment and after cycles 1,2,3,6,9,12,
as well as 18 and 24 (for extension phase) for immunome correlative studies.

Inclusion Criteria:

- • Patients must have an Anti-Myelin Associated Glycoprotein titer

- Patients must have Distal acquired demyelinating sensorimotor (DADS) peripheral
neuropathy phenotype as defined per European Federation of Neurological Societies
(EFNS) demyelinating criteria with preferential distal nerve involvement, as
captured per terminal latency index [terminal distance/(conduction velocity x
terminal latency)], in the setting of a monoclonal gammopathy

- Patients must be at least 18 years of age with no evidence of multiple myeloma,
light chain amyloidosis or other hematologic disorder requiring treatment.

- Patient may be enrolled at any time from last line of therapy.

- Patients must have ANC > 1000/µL and Platelets ≥75,000/µL

- Patients must have adequate hepatic function as evidenced by: total bilirubin <
1.5 mg/dL, alkaline phosphatase < 3X the ULN, and AST/ALT < 2X the ULN.

- Patients must be able to take any of the following once lenalidomide starts and
for at least 5 days after last dose lenalidomide: 1) 81-325 mg of coated aspirin
daily; 2) full dose warfarin (target INR 2-3); 3) 2.5 mg or above of apixaban
twice daily; 4) low molecular weight heparin; 5) 20 mg or above of rivaroxaban

- Patients must have adequate renal function as evidenced by serum creatinine <
2mg/dL or calculated creatinine clearance of ≥ 40ml/min within 14 days of
registration using MDRD formula.

- Patient must be able to swallow capsule or tablet.

- Patients must provide informed consent.

- All study participants must be registered into the mandatory Revlimid REMS®
program, and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of the REMS®

- Females of reproductive potential must adhere to the scheduled pregnancy testing
as required in the Revlimid REMS® program.

- Two negative pregnancy tests will be required for all women of child bearing
potential, with the second negative test having been at least 7 days prior to
starting the study drug. Breast feeding is not permitted.

- Fertility requirements

- Female patients with child bearing potential must have two negative
pregnancy tests, with the second negative test having been at least 7 days
prior to starting the study drug.

- Male patients must agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting
from screening to 90 days after stopping the drug.

- Female patients must be either posy-menopausal, free from menses ≥2 yrs.,
surgically sterilized, willing to use two adequate barrier methods of
contraception to prevent pregnancy, or agree to abstain from sexual activity
starting from screening to 90 days after stopping the drug.

- Female patients of child bearing potential must agree to comply with the
fertility and pregnancy test requirements dictated by the Rev-Assist

Exclusion Criteria:

- • Patient with concurrent hematologic or oncologic malignancy requiring systemic

- History of allergic reaction (including erythema nodosum) to lenalidomide

- Patients who have undergone major surgery ≤ 2 weeks prior to starting study drug
or who have not recovered from the side-effects of surgery

- Patients with a history of gastrointestinal surgery or other procedure that
might, in the opinion of the investigator(s), interfere with the absorption or
swallowing of the study drugs.

- Patients with any significant history of non-compliance to medical regimens or
unwilling or unable to comply with the instructions given to them by the study

- Any other medical condition, including mental illness or substance abuse deemed
by the investigator(s) to likely interfere with the patient's ability to sign
informed consent, cooperate and participate in the study, or interfere with the
interpretation of the results.
We found this trial at
Columbus, Ohio 43210
Phone: 614-293-9274
Columbus, OH
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