Diamondback in Peripheral Vascular Disease

Conditions:Peripheral Vascular Disease, Peripheral Vascular Disease, Cardiology
Therapuetic Areas:Cardiology / Vascular Diseases
Age Range:18 - Any
Start Date:August 8, 2017
End Date:December 31, 2021
Contact:Leybi Ramirez-Kelly, MD, MPH

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Diamondback Atherectomy With OCT Visualization for Calcified PAD Lesions for Calcified Peripheral Vascular Disease Lesions

This is a prospective, nonrandomized, single-arm study using CSI Orbital Atherectomy System
in patients with PAD (total occlusions or significant stenosis). Patients will be enrolled if
they have claudication and/or critical limb ischemia, and identifiable PAD disease with
moderate to severe calcification on Computer Tomography Angiogram (PCA) or peripheral
angiogram requiring percutaneous peripheral intervention (PPI).

Orbital atherectomy (OA) is one of the most commonly used modalities for the treatment of
obstructive femoral-popliteal PAD, especially in patients with large and calcified
atherosclerotic plaques, either as stand alone or with subsequent drug-coated balloon
angioplasty or stent implantation. These atherectomy procedures were primarily guided by
peripheral angiography which has significant resolution limitations in regards to the plaque
morphology and characteristics such as extent of calcification, and how deep the cuts are
made in the vessel wall.

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has recently emerged as a novel imaging modality. OCT
imaging has been used both in coronary as well as in peripheral circulation extensively with
no significant device related adverse effects. Previous research has shown the feasibility
and safety of OCT use for peripheral artery imaging and its use in plaque characterization.
The hypothesis for this study is that; use of diamond back atherectomy device will lead to
effective removal of plaque in moderate to heavily calcified arteries without damaging deep
into the adventitia or EEL or the adjacent healthy vessel wall and thus will lead to a
favorable vascular response during follow up.

Inclusion Criteria:

- • Patient with lower extremity claudication and PAD due to significant SFA or below
the knee stenosis (50%≤99%) or total occlusions (100%) that affects the quality of
life despite medical therapy.

- Evidence of significant SFA or below the knee disease involving the most
symptomatic limb by noninvasive vascular testing with the use of the following:

- ABI: <0.9 (If ABI>1.4, SFA systolic acceleration time should be > 140

- TBI: <0.6;

- Computed Tomographic Angiography (CTA) confirming at least a 50% SFA
stenosis with moderate to severe calcification; or

- Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) confirming at least a 50% SFA or below
the knee stenosis with moderate to severe calcification.

- At least one patent, non-treated below the knee vessel.

- Male and female patients that are ≥ 18 years of age.

- Subject has been advised of the beneficial effects of smoking cessation and
regular exercise but must not be in the process of changing their smoking status
at the time of screening. Patients may resume or increase exercising as an effect
of post procedurally improved lower limb perfusion.

- Peak Walking Time (PWT) limited only by claudication.

- Willingness to participate in the study, documented by signed, written informed

Exclusion Criteria:

- • Planned amputation.

- Any planned/scheduled revascularization procedures ≤ 30 days after baseline

- Prior lower extremity revascularization ≤ 30 days before baseline procedure.

- The target lesion is an in-stent restenosis.

- Infra-popliteal disease involving the last remaining vessel.

- Patients with a creatinine clearance < 30mL/min.

- Patients with known bleeding disorders.

- Patients with known active pathological bleeding.

- Patients with known hypersensitivity to acetylsalicylic acid, clopidogrel
bisulfate, ticagrelor, Aspirin, or other antiplatelets/anticoagulants.

- Patients with known history of intracranial hemorrhage at any time, GI bleed in
the past 6 months, or major surgery within the past 30 days.

- Patients with known ischemic stroke during the past 3 months.

- Patients with known severe liver disease.

- Patient with known history of congestive heart failure (CHF) with an LVEF of <

- Patients considered being at risk of bradycardic events unless treated with a
permanent pacemaker.

- Female patients with known pregnancy, breast feeding, or intend to become
pregnant during the study period (all female patients 55 years and younger,
without a history of hysterectomy must have a pregnancy test prior to PPI at
baseline and at 6 months).

- Concern for inability of the patient to comply with study procedures and/or
follow up (e.g., alcohol or drug abuse).
We found this trial at
Little Rock, Arkansas 72211
Principal Investigator: Mehmet Cilingiroglu, M.D.
Phone: 501-690-2339
Little Rock, AR
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Little Rock, Arkansas 72211
Phone: 501-748-8421
Little Rock, AR
Click here to add this to my saved trials