Palbociclib and Cetuximab in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Conditions:Colorectal Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Cancer, Cancer, Cancer
Therapuetic Areas:Oncology
Age Range:18 - 99
Start Date:March 13, 2018
End Date:July 13, 2023
Contact:Catherine Griffin

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Phase II Single-arm Study of the Combination of Palbociclib and Cetuximab in KRAS/NRAS/BRAF Wild-type Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

This research study is designed to provide a better understanding of study drugs cetuximab
(Erbitux®) and palbociclib when used in combination to treat patients with metastatic colon

This research study is designed to provide a better understanding of study drugs cetuximab
(Erbitux®) and palbociclib when used in combination to treat patients with metastatic colon

Cetuximab (Erbitux®) is an antibody designed to target a protein called Epidermal Growth
Factor Receptor (EGFR). EGFR plays an important role in the growth and survival of colon
cancer. Antibodies are proteins that are naturally produced by the immune system and
circulate throughout your body to help protect you from disease caused by bacteria, viruses,
cancer cells or any foreign or toxic substance. Antibodies work by sticking to and flagging
or marking foreign cells or substances so that your body's immune defense system will
recognize, attack and remove them. Antibodies help the body rid itself of disease. Antibodies
can also be designed in the laboratory to stick to specific parts of cancer cells (or normal
cells) to change or block the ways those cells function in your body and to produce a
therapeutic anti-cancer effect. Cetuximab (Erbitux®) is an antibody drug approved by the FDA
and is commonly used to treat your type of colon cancer.

Palbociclib is an FDA-approved drug for patients with breast cancer. Palbociclib is not
FDA-approved for the treatment of colon cancer, and is considered an investigational drug in
this research study. Palbociclib targets a protein called CDK4/6 that is a critical part of
the cell division and cell growth processes known as "the cell cycle". Laboratory studies
have shown that palbociclib inhibits the cell cycle, slows or stops cell growth, and can
cause cell death in cancer cells.

The combination of Cetuximab (Erbitux®) with palbociclib is not approved by the FDA for
treating colon cancer and is considered investigational in this research study.

You are being asked to be in the study because your colon cancer has been found to contain
the proteins KRAS, NRAS and BRAF that are normal (wild-type). These proteins play an
important role in the growth and survival of colon cancer. This requirement is important
because colon cancer with these characteristics has been shown to be more responsive to EGFR
inhibitors such as cetuximab (Erbitux®), one of the drugs used in this study that is also a
standard treatment option for your type of cancer. Also, Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor
(EGFR) has been shown to stimulate cancer cell division, growth and survival by working
together with KRAS, NRAS and BRAF to activate CDK4/6 and to support an accelerated cell
cycle. This accelerated cell cycle allows the cancer cells to divide and grow faster than
your normal cells but also can make them sensitive to the effects of CDK4/6 inhibitor
palbociclib, a cell-cycle inhibitor.

To participate in this study you also must meet one of the following requirements:

A. You have not been treated with EGFR inhibitors such as cetuximab (Erbitux®) or panitumumab

B. You were treated with anti-EGFR drugs such as cetuximab (Erbitux®) or panitumumab
(Vectibix®) and experienced at least 4 months of response to treatment, and it has been at
least 8-weeks since you were last treated with an anti-EGFR drug.

This will allow investigators to compare the anti-cancer effects of cetuximab (Erbitux®)
combined with palbociclib in 2 different groups of cancer patients:

1. Patients that have never received EGFR inhibitors like cetuximab (Erbitux®) or
panitumumab (Vectibix®). This group will test whether resistance to the combination of
cetuximab (Erbitux®) plus palbociclib develops in this type of cancer.

2. Patients that have previously shown an anti-cancer response to EGFR inhibitors, such as
cetuximab (Erbitux®) or panitumumab (Vectibix®), of four or more months, but then
developed resistance. This group will test whether the combination of cetuximab
(Erbitux®) plus palbociclib is more effective against this resistant type of cancer.

Furthermore, laboratory studies have shown that the combination of EGFR and CDK inhibitors
provide a stronger anti-cancer effect when used in combination than seen when each inhibitor
is used alone. Thus, the reason researchers are using cetuximab (Erbitux®) and palbociclib in
combination is to simultaneously target and inhibit multiple processes inside of the cancer
cell that are critical to growth and survival of the tumor. With this combination strategy,
researchers hope to improve upon existing anti-cancer therapies.

Inclusion Criteria:

4.1.1 Written informed consent obtained to participate in the study and HIPAA authorization
for release of personal health information.

4.1.2 Age ≥ 18 years at the time of consent.

4.1.3 ECOG Performance Status of 0-2

4.1.4 Histologically-confirmed metastatic CRC

4.1.5 Measurable disease according to RECIST v1.1 for solid tumors.

4.1.6 Documented wild-type in KRAS and NRAS (codons 12, 13, 59, 61, 117, and 146) and in
BRAF codon 600, based on tumor tissue taken from primary or metastatic site and tested for

4.1.7 Previously treated with at least two prior regimens of systemic chemotherapy for
metastatic or locally advanced, unresectable disease, including fluoropyrimidines
(5-fluorouracil and/or capecitabine), oxaliplatin, and irinotecan.

A maintenance regimen of 5-fluorouracil or capecitabine, with or without bevacizumab,
should not be counted as a separate line of treatment For patients who experienced disease
recurrence during or within 6 months of completion of adjuvant chemotherapy with
fluoropyrimidine and oxaliplatin, only one regimen of systemic chemotherapy for metastatic
disease is required

4.1.8 Demonstrate adequate organ function as defined in the table below; all screening labs
to be obtained prior to initiating study medications.

System Laboratory Value Hematological* Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥ 9 g/dL Absolute Neutrophil Count
(ANC) ≥ 1500/mm3 Platelets ≥ 100,000/mm3

Renal* Creatinine OR Calculated creatinine clearance ≤1.5 x ULN

- 60 mL/min by Cockcroft-Gault formula Hepatic* Bilirubin ≤ 1.0 × upper limit of normal
(ULN) Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 3 × ULN OR

- 5 × ULN (if liver metastases present) Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3 × ULN OR

- 5 × ULN (if liver metastases present)

- Note: Hematology and other lab parameters that are ≤ grade 2 BUT still meet
criteria for study entry are allowed. Furthermore, changes in laboratory
parameters during the study should not be considered adverse events unless
they meet criteria for dose modification(s) of study medication outlined by
the protocol and/or worsen from baseline during therapy.

4.1.9 Females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 72
hours prior to initiating study medications. NOTE: Females are considered of childbearing
potential unless they are surgically sterile (have undergone a hysterectomy, bilateral
tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy) or they are naturally postmenopausal for at
least 12 consecutive months. Documentation of postmenopausal status must be provided.

4.1.10 Females of childbearing potential must be willing to abstain from heterosexual
activity or to use 2 forms of effective methods of contraception from the time of informed
consent until 6 months after treatment discontinuation. The two contraception methods can
be comprised of two barrier methods, or a barrier method plus a hormonal method or an
intrauterine device that meets <1% failure rate for protection from pregnancy in the
product label.

4.1.11 Male patients with female partners must have had a prior vasectomy or agree to use
an adequate method of contraception (i.e., double barrier method: condom plus spermicidal
agent) starting with the first dose of study therapy through 6 months after the last dose
of study therapy.

4.1.12 Subjects is willing and able to comply with study procedures based on the judgement
of the investigator or protocol designee.

4.1.13 Able to swallow capsules, with no surgical or anatomic condition that will preclude
the patient from swallowing and absorbing oral medications.

4.1.14 Has not undergone any major surgical procedures for at least 4 weeks, with full
healing of all surgical wounds

4.1.15 At sites in the Southeastern U.S., subject must have negative serum test for
galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose IgE See Appendix 12.5 for map (Note: positive test result is
predictive of immediate-onset anaphylaxis reaction during first exposure to cetuximab,
which is prevalent predominantly in limited geographic region of the Southeastern U.S.
(Clin Mol Allergy 2012;10:1-11).

4.1.16 For Study Cohort A, has not had prior treatment with cetuximab, panitumumab, or
other anti-EGFR therapy.

4.1.17 For Study Cohort B, must have had previous treatment with cetuximab or panitumumab
with disease control (defined as complete response, partial response, or stable disease)
lasting for ≥ 4 months in duration and completed their last anti-EGFR therapy 8 weeks prior
to initiating treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

4.2.1 Active infection requiring systemic therapy.

4.2.2 Pregnant or breastfeeding (NOTE: breast milk cannot be stored for future use while
the mother is being treated on study).

4.2.3 Presence of known, active central nervous system (CNS) metastases.

4.2.4 Treatment with any investigational drug within 28 days prior to initiating study

4.2.5 Prior treatment with drug targeting cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) family.

4.2.6 Subject is receiving prohibited medications or treatments as listed in section 5.5 of
the protocol that cannot be discontinued/replaced by an alternative therapy.

4.2.7 Known hypersensitivity to the components of study drugs or analogs of study drugs.

4.2.8 Has a known additional malignancy that is active and/or progressive requiring
treatment; exceptions include basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical or
bladder cancer, or other cancer for which the subject has been disease-free for at least
five years.

4.2.9 Uncontrolled, severe concomitant comorbidity (e.g. uncontrolled hypertension,
uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, clinically significant pulmonary disease, clinically
significant neurological disorder, active or uncontrolled infection).

4.2.10 History of interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis.

4.2.11 Any other clinically significant heart disease, including angina pectoris, resting
bradycardia, left bundle branch block, ventricular tachyarrhythmia, unstable atrial
fibrillation, acute myocardial infarction, or heart disease requiring cardiac pacemaker or
implantable cardioverter/defibrillator

4.2.12 Known psychiatric or substance abuse disorder that would interfere with the ability
of the patient to comply with trial requirements.

4.2.13 History of long-QT syndrome.

4.2.14 Baseline QTcF ≥ 470 msec.

4.2.15 Concomitant use of drugs known to cause QT prolongation as defined in Appendix 12.4
and in section 5.5 (Note: Ondansetron at doses ≤ 16 mg or less is allowed)

4.2.16 History of any of the following cardiovascular conditions within the past 6 months:

- Class III or IV congestive heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association

- Cardiac angioplasty or stenting

- Myocardial infarction

- Unstable angina

- Symptomatic peripheral vascular disease or other clinically significant cardiac
We found this trial at
101 Manning Drive
Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514
(919) 966-0000
Phone: 877-668-0683
Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill One of the...
Chapel Hill, NC
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