A Study to Evaluate Changes in Human Breast Cancer Tissue Following Short-Term Use of Darolutamide

Conditions:Breast Cancer, Cancer
Therapuetic Areas:Oncology
Age Range:18 - Any
Start Date:September 5, 2017
End Date:April 2019
Contact:Dennis Slamon, MD
Phone:(310) 825-5193

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A Presurgical Tissue-Acquisition Study to Evaluate Molecular Alterations in Human Breast Cancer Tissue Following Short-Term Exposure to the Androgen Receptor Antagonist Darolutamide (ODM-201)

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of short-term treatment with darolutamide
on breast cancer cells (i.e., how the treatment may change the genes or proteins in breast
cancer cells) and to evaluate its safety and the way it is tolerated by subjects.

The intent is to study these changes in order to have a better understanding of the potential
use of darolutamide for women with EBC, know which patients are likely or unlikely to respond
to this treatment, and determine how darolutamide may be combined with other anti-cancer

This current study will enroll EBC subjects with differing breast cancer (BC) subtypes, with
the intent of characterizing the molecular alterations in BC tissue before and after
short-term exposure to the anti-androgen darolutamide. Studying the biological mechanisms in
which darolutamide targets the androgen receptor (AR) in BC will be crucial in understanding
its' potential role, as well as provide the foundation for further development of
darolutamide in this disease.

TRIO030 will evaluate the following objectives: Primary -To identify the molecular
alterations that occur in human BC tissue, following short-term exposure to darolutamide in
female subjects with EBC; Secondary - To evaluate the safety and tolerability of short-term
exposure to darolutamide in female subjects with EBC.

Design: This will be a multi-center, open-label, tissue-acquisition study involving up to 60
subjects from approximately 20 sites in North America and Europe, and will enroll EBC
subjects of differing subtypes (i.e., triple negative [TNBC], ER+/HER2-, and HER2+), with the
intent of characterizing the molecular alterations in BC tissue before and after short-term
exposure to the anti-androgen darolutamide.

Such information may suggest that darolutamide be combined with other modalities; for
example, if treatment with the drug is discovered to affect multiple signaling pathways.
Molecular profiling of tumor samples before and after darolutamide treatment may permit the
identification of patients likely or unlikely to respond to the agent based on the biological
and molecular characteristics of their tumors.

Duration: It is recommended that the surgery date is defined prior to starting protocol
treatment and then the start date of darolutamide (Day 1) will be derived as minus 14 to 21
days from the scheduled surgery date. Treatment will be taken until the day prior to surgery
or when the subject is ordered to stop all oral intake (i.e., "nil per os" (npo)), which ever
occurs first. If for some reason surgery takes place more than 21 days after treatment start,
it is acceptable that the subject receives darolutamide for more than 21 days and up to a
maximum of 35 days; subject should continue protocol treatment until the day prior to
surgery, or npo is ordered. In these cases it is strongly recommended to have surgery
performed as soon as possible after 21 days of treatment are completed.

After surgery, an End of Study (EoS) visit will occur 30 days (+/- 3 days) after the
subject's last intake of darolutamide. In case of ongoing protocol treatment-related AEs/SAEs
at the time of the EoS visit, monitoring of these events will continue as clinically
indicated until (a) the events have resolved or (b) the events have reached a status which,
in the Investigator's opinion, is unlikely to resolve due to the nature of the condition
and/or the subject's underlying disease.

Total Number of Sites: Currently, a total of 12 sites are planned to participate worldwide,
with 4 sites located within the U.S, 5 in Canada, and 3 in Germany.

Sample Size/Patient Population: Up to 60 subjects will be enrolled in the study. To be able
to assess the molecular alterations after darolutamide, exposure in different BC subtypes,
subjects being either triple-negative, or ER+/HER2 negative, or HER2 positive, will be
enrolled in the study. Up to 20 subjects with each of these subtypes will be included (with
an acceptable minimum of 8 evaluable patients in each cohort).

Dosage Regimen: Darolutamide will be given at a dose of 600 mg (2 x 300 mg tablets) twice
daily (b.i.d) to a daily dose of 1200 mg.

The first day of darolutamide administration in the study is considered Day 1. The last
darolutamide intake will be on the day prior to breast cancer surgery, when the pre-surgery
visit should occur.

darolutamide should be taken approximately at the same time each day twice a day. It is
recommended that darolutamide be taken with food; recommendation is to take it with breakfast
and dinner each day.

Supportive measures and dose modifications: A subject who experiences a treatment-related
grade 3 or higher adverse event (AE) must be withdrawn from protocol treatment and should
proceed to surgery and undergo an EoS visit. In the case of a grade 1-2 treatment-related AE,
the Investigator should contact the Medical Monitor if a dose reduction or treatment hold is

Washout pre-trial: Prior treatment of ovarian hormone replacement therapy should be stopped
at least 28 days prior to registration. Use of other investigational drugs should be stopped
within 28 days of enrollment. No major surgery within 28 days before enrollment (Major
surgery is defined as requiring a general anesthesia or respiratory assistance; involving
openings into the great cavities of the body, organs removed, or normal anatomy altered;
implying risks of severe hemorrhage; implying risk for life of the patient or severe

Concomitant Medication: Subjects will be instructed to consult with the Investigator before
taking any medications (including over-the-counter medications). Supportive medications may
be provided prophylactically or therapeutically per Investigator discretion.

Any concomitant treatment NOT listed below is considered permitted in the study and may be
prescribed as clinically appropriate during the study:

- Investigational agents other than the protocol treatment.

- Any additional standard or investigational anticancer agents, such as chemotherapy,
immunotherapy, targeted/biologic therapy, endocrine therapy, etc., even if utilized as
treatment of non-cancer indications. darolutamide must be permanently discontinued upon
initiation of a non-protocol standard or investigational antineoplastic therapy prior to

Rescue Medication and Risk Management: No specific pre-medication is required. Based on the
current available data , there are no special warnings and precautions associated with the
use of darolutamide.

Premature Withdrawal / Discontinuation Criteria: The patient may withdraw from the study at
any time without prejudicing future medical treatment. In any case, the withdrawal should be
clearly documented in the subject's clinical records.

Should a patient decide to withdraw consent, all efforts will be made to complete and report
the observations as thoroughly as possible. A complete final evaluation at the time of the
patient's withdrawal should be made with an explanation of why the patient is withdrawing
from the study. After complete withdrawal of consent, no further study procedure is performed
and no further data will be collected.

Discontinuation: The Investigator will also discontinue protocol treatment if any of the
following conditions is met:

- Intercurrent illness or a change in subject´s condition or unacceptable toxicity that
warrants protocol treatment discontinuation according to Investigator's judgment

- Any event, condition, criterion which would warrant discontinuation of darolutamide
(i.e., severe toxicities), including grade ≥ 3 protocol-treatment related AE

- Any event, condition, reason which would warrant darolutamide to be held for more than
the maximum acceptable delay of 7 consecutive days

- Subject receives non-protocol anti-cancer therapy at any time during the protocol

- Subject's decision to withdraw protocol treatment

- Lost to follow up

- Death

- Pregnancy

- Investigator's decision

- Discontinuation of the study by the sponsor

- Patient is enrolled but does not receive protocol treatment for any reason

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Signed and dated PICF obtained prior to initiation of any study-specific procedure and

2. Female ≥ 18 years old.

3. Histologically proven invasive breast carcinoma (through either a core needle biopsy
or an incisional biopsy) for which surgery is indicated as the primary treatment
modality. Patients for which Neoadjuvant Systemic Therapy (NAST) is indicated are also
eligible provided they are willing to undergo a biopsy after completing treatment with
darolutamide and prior to NAST start.

4. Known ER, PgR and HER2 statuses.

5. Tumor must be confined to either the breast or to the breast and ipsilateral axilla
(Note: patinets with multifocal/multicentric tumors are eligible). Patient must have
(according to TNM 7th edition rules):

- T1 with T ≥1.0cm, T2 or T3 by at least one radiographic or clinical measurement

- Either clinically positive (N1 only) or clinically negative axillary nodes (N0)

- M0

6. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) of 0 or 1.

7. Adequate organ function within 28 days prior to enrollment, as defined by the
following criteria:

- Hematology: Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dl; ANC ≥ 1.5 × 109/L; Platelet count ≥ 100 ×

- Liver function: ALT and AST ≤ 2.5 × ULN; Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × ULN (or ≤ 3
times ULN for patients with documented Gilbert's syndrome or for whom indirect
bilirubin concentrations suggest an extra-hepatic source of elevation)

- Renal function: Creatinine ≤ 2.0 × ULN

8. No more than 42 days should elapse from the day study-specific tumor sample is taken
at initial diagnosis (or subsequent procedure) to the day of the first intake of

9. Women of childbearing potential (WoCBP)* must agree to use acceptable non-hormonal
contraceptive methods of birth control from the day of the screening pregnancy test
and up to 3 months after the last intake of darolutamide.

10. For WoCBP* negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days of enrollment.

11. Willingness and ability to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plans, laboratory
tests, and biopsies as detailed in the protocol.

- Note: WoCBP are any women between menarche and menopause who have not been
permanently sterilized, capable of procreation. Permanent sterilization includes
hysterectomy and/or bilateral oophorectomy and/or bilateral salpingectomy but
excludes bilateral tubal ligation/occlusion. Postmenopause is defined as:
Bilateral oophorectomy; Age ≥ 60; Age < 60 and amenorrheic for ≥ 12 months in the
absence of an alternative medical cause and FSH and estradiol in postmenopausal

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Any T0, Tis, T1 < 1.0 cm, T4; or N2-3; or M1 BC.

2. Bilateral invasive BC.

3. Patient that underwent excisional biopsy of the primary tumor.

4. Medical indication or patient desire to undergo BC surgery or start NAST prior to
completing at least 14 days of treatment with darolutamide, and or refusal of patient
to undergo corresponding biopsy in case NAST is planned.

5. Prior or concurrent systemic anticancer therapy for BC treatment(immunotherapy,
hormonotherapy, biologic/targeted therapy, chemotherapy, investigational agents).

6. Prior or concurrent ipsilateral radiation therapy for invasive or noninvasive BC.

7. Prior or concurrent treatment or preventative use of any hormonal agent such as
aromatase inhibitors (AI), fulvestrant, raloxifene, tamoxifen or other SERM, or with
any other hormonal agent used for the treatment or prevention of BC or for any other
indication (e.g. osteoporosis).

8. Concurrent use of ovarian hormone replacement therapy. Prior treatment should be
stopped at least 28 days prior to registration.

9. Prior or concurrent treatment with AR antagonists or CYP17 enzyme inhibitor.

10. Use of other investigational drug within 28 days of enrollment.

11. Major surgery* within 28 days before enrollment.

12. Any concurrent or previous malignancy within 5 years prior to enrollment except for
basal or squamous skin cancer, or carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or other
non-invasive/in-situ neoplasm, all of which must have been adequately and radically
treated. A patient with previous history of invasive malignancy (other than adequately
and radically treated basal or squamous skin cancer) is eligible provided that she has
been disease free for more than 5 years.

13. Severe or uncontrolled concurrent disease, infection or comorbidity.

14. Known active viral hepatitis, HIV or chronic liver disease.

15. Other serious illness or medical condition within 6 months before enrollment,
including any of the following: Concurrent congestive heart failure NYHA Class III or
IV, severe/unstable angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, uncontrolled hypertension,
coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft, high-risk uncontrolled arrhythmias, stroke.

16. Any contraindication to oral agents or gastrointestinal disorder or procedure which
expects to interfere significantly with absorption of protocol treatment.

17. History or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that
might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the patient's participation
for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the patient to
participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.

18. Known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation
with the requirements of the trial.

19. Known allergy to darolutamide or any of the excipients.

20. Pregnant or lactating darolutamide. * Note: Major surgery defined as requiring a
general anesthesia or respiratory assistance; involving openings into the great
cavities of the body, organs removed, or normal anatomy altered; implying risks of
severe hemorrhage; implying risk for life of the patient or severe disability.
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(310) 825-4321
Principal Investigator: Dennis Slamon, MD
UCLA UCLA's primary purpose as a public research university is the creation, dissemination, preservation and...
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