Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America

Status:Enrolling by invitation
Conditions:Peripheral Vascular Disease, Peripheral Vascular Disease, Cardiology, Cardiology, Cardiology
Therapuetic Areas:Cardiology / Vascular Diseases
Age Range:40 - 79
Start Date:September 2010
End Date:April 2019

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South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, Nepali, and Sri Lankan) individuals have high
rates of cardiovascular disease that is not explained by traditional cardiovascular risk
factors. Though South Asians represent over one-quarter of the world's population, there are
no longitudinal studies in this high-risk ethnic group. The investigators aim to establish a
longitudinal study of South Asians at two United States centers to identify risk factors
linked to subclinical atherosclerosis and incident cardiovascular disease. The purpose of
this study is to understand the causes of heart disease and stroke in South Asians and
compare these causes to those in other United States ethnic groups.

Inclusion Criteria:

- South Asian ancestry defined by having at least 3 grandparents born in one of the
following countries: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, or Sri Lanka

- age between 40 and 79 years.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Physician diagnosed heart attack, stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), heart
failure, or angina (or use of nitroglycerin)

- Current atrial fibrillation

- Past history of cardiovascular procedures (coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
Surgery, angioplasty, valve replacement, pacemaker or defibrillator implantation, or
any surgery on the heart or arteries)

- Active treatment for cancer

- Life expectancy less than 5 years due to serious medical illness

- Impaired cognitive ability as judged by the reviewer

- Plans to move out of the study region in next 5 years

- Weight greater than 300 pounds

- Living in a nursing home or on a waiting list

- Unable to speak/read/write English, Hindi or Urdu
We found this trial at
San Francisco, California 94143
San Francisco, CA
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303 East Superior Street
Chicago, Illinois 60611
Chicago, IL
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