sEphB4-HSA in Treating Patients With Kaposi Sarcoma

Age Range:18 - Any
Start Date:November 2015
End Date:November 2020

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A Phase II Study of sEphB4-HSA in Kaposi Sarcoma

This phase II trial studies recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein (EphB4-HSA) in treating
patients with Kaposi sarcoma. Recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein may block the growth of
blood vessels that provide blood to the cancer, and may also prevent cancer cells from


I. To evaluate the clinical response and toxicity of recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein
(sEphB4-HSA) (at initial dosing of 15 mg/kg every 2 weeks) in participants with Kaposi


I. To assess the safety of sEphB4-HSA in participants with Kaposi sarcoma (KS). II. To
determine trough level exposure of sEphB4-HSA and correlate with tumor response.

III. To characterize the pharmacodynamics of sEphB4-HSA and correlate these effects with
clinical response.

IV. Effects on viral replication and gene expression of human herpes virus-8 (HHV-8).

V. Changes in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-Notch-EphrinB2 angiogenic pathway.

VI. Effects on immune response and modulation. VII. Effects on tumor cell apoptosis and
proliferation. VIII. Effects on sEphB4-HSA on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) plasma viral
loads in participants with HIV.

IX. To archive peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and tissue samples to be used in
conjunction with samples collected in subsequent trials of sEphB4-HSA for future studies
including identification of biomarkers predictive of response.

X. To evaluate the clinical response and toxicity of sEphB4-HSA (at increased dosing of 10
mg/kg every week) in participants with KS.


I. Describe baseline quality of life (QOL) scores, using the functional assessment of HIV
Infection (FAHI) + Kaposi sarcoma (KS) questionnaire, in participants with KS, and explore
changes in QOL of participants on treatment with sEphB4-HSA.


Patients receive recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on days
1 and 15. Patients with disease progression after 2 or more courses who have not experienced
toxicity may receive recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, 15,
and 22. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 courses in the absence of further
disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 1 month; patients with
partial response or better are followed up every 3 months for up to 1 year.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Participants may be treatment naïve, refractory to or intolerant of one or more prior
therapies, or treated with prior systemic treatment including but not limited to
liposomal doxorubicin

- Participants must have biopsy-proven KS involving skin with or without visceral

- If HIV-positive, any cluster of differentiation (CD)4 count will be allowed on study

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 or Karnofsky
performance score (KPS) >= 60%

- Life expectancy of greater than 3 months

- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL*

- Participants may be receiving growth factor support to meet these criteria

- Platelets >= 100,000/mcL

- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase
[SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT])
=< 2.5 x ULN

- Creatinine within normal institutional limit for the reference lab OR creatinine
clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 as calculated by Cockcroft-Gault formula for
participants with creatinine levels above institutional normal

- Participants must have cutaneous lesion(s) amenable to four (4) 5-mm tumor biopsies
during the study (either 4 separate lesions measuring >= 5 mm each OR 2 separate
lesions measuring >= 10 mm each) and at least five additional lesions measurable for
assessment with no improvement over the past month

- Females of childbearing potential (FCBP)* must have a negative serum or urine
pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL within 14 days prior to
enrollment and again within 24 hours prior to starting cycle 1 of sEphB4-HSA; further,
they must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin
TWO acceptable methods of birth control: one highly effective method and one
additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME during receipt of sEphB4-HSA, and 12
weeks after discontinuation of sEphB4-HSA; FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy
testing; men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even
if they have had a successful vasectomy

- A female of childbearing potential is a sexually mature woman who: 1) has not
undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally
postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any
time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)

- Documentation of HIV status; if participant is HIV positive, HIV-1 infection, as
documented by any federally approved, licensed HIV rapid test performed in conjunction
with screening (or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA], test kit, and confirmed
by Western blot or other approved test); alternatively, this documentation may include
a record demonstrating that another physician has documented the participant's HIV
status based on either: 1) approved diagnostic tests, or 2) the referring physician's
written record that HIV infection was documented, with supporting information on the
participant's relevant medical history and/or current management of HIV infection

- If the participant is HIV negative, documentation of a negative result for any
federally approved, licensed HIV rapid test within 4 weeks prior to study
enrollment will suffice; if the initial rapid test is positive, further approved
confirmatory test results must be present to document the subject's HIV status

- If participant is HIV positive, participants must be on a stable antiretroviral
regimen for at least 12 weeks prior to study enrollment

- There should be no evidence for improvement in KS in the 3 months prior to study
enrollment, unless there is evidence for progression of KS in the 4 weeks immediately
prior to study enrollment

- Participants must, in the opinion of the investigator, be capable of complying with
the protocol

Exclusion Criteria:

- Inability to understand and inability to provide informed consent

- Participants who are receiving any other investigational agents

- Participants who have had anti-neoplastic treatment for KS (including chemotherapy,
radiotherapy, local treatment including topical fluorouracil [5-FU], biological
therapy or investigational therapy) within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or
mitomycin C) prior to entering the study OR those who have not recovered from adverse
events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier

- Participants with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial

- History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic
composition to sEphB4-HSA or other agents used in study

- Participants who refuse antiretroviral therapy for HIV, if HIV positive

- Concurrent, acute, active infection, or treatment for infection, other than oral
thrush or genital herpes, within 14 days of enrollment

- Participants for whom front-line cytotoxic therapy is indicated (i.e. symptomatic
visceral or pulmonary KS or symptomatic KS impairing functional status)

- Concurrent neoplasia requiring cytotoxic therapy

- Participant is =< 2 years free of another primary malignancy; exceptions include the

- Basal cell skin cancer

- Cervical carcinoma in situ

- Anal carcinoma in situ

- Any steroid treatment except for that required for replacement therapy in adrenal
insufficiency, topical or injected testosterone for hypogonadism, or inhaled steroids
for the treatment of asthma

- Previous local therapy of any KS-indicator lesion unless the lesion has clearly
progressed since that local treatment; any prior local treatment to indicator lesions
regardless of the elapsed time should not be allowed unless there is evidence of
clear-cut progression of said lesion

- Female participants who are pregnant, lactating, or breast-feeding

- Breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with sEphB4-HSA

- Participants with a recent history (< 6 months) of a major infarct including but not
inclusive to bowel ischemia, cerebral vascular accident, transient ischemic attack,
myocardial infarction, limb ischemia, or skin necrosis

- Participants with a QTcF (Fridericia correction formula) > 480 ms on 2 out of 3
electrocardiograms (EKGs) (if first EKG is < 480, no need to repeat, if first EKG is >
480 repeat twice for a total of 3 EKGs)

- Participants with uncontrolled sustained hypertension which will be defined as
systolic blood pressure > 140, and diastolic blood pressure > 90, even with use of
anti-hypertensive medications

- Participants with a recent history (< 6 months) of a major bleed which will be defined
as a symptomatic bleeding in a critical area or organ, such as intracranial,
intraspinal, intraocular, retroperitoneal, intraarticular or pericardial, or
intramuscular with compartment syndrome, and/or bleeding causing a fall in hemoglobin
level 2 grams/dL or more, or leading to transfusion of two or more units of whole
blood or packed red cells

- Participants on any dose of warfarin or are on full dose anticoagulation with other
agents including low molecular weight heparin, antithrombin agents, antiplatelet
agents and full dose aspirin within 7 days prior to study enrollment; participants on
prophylactic doses of low molecular weight heparin are allowed

- Cardiac related illnesses including, but not limited to:

- Symptomatic congestive heart failure including participants with grade III/IV
cardiac disease as defined by the New York Heart Association functional criteria

- Unstable angina pectoris

- Cardiac arrhythmia

- Proteinuria as defined as > 2+ on urine dipstick; if dipstick urinalysis shows >= 2+
proteinuria, 24-hour urine for protein must be < 2 grams

- Participants with diabetes mellitus with ketoacidosis or chronic obstructive pulmonary
disease (COPD) requiring hospitalization in the preceding 6 months, or any other
intercurrent medical condition that contraindicates treatment with sEphB4-HSA or
places the participant at undue risk for treatment related complications

- Physical or psychiatric illness/social situations that in the estimation of the
investigator would limit compliance with study requirements or place the participant
at high risk of toxicity or non-compliance
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