Strata Programmable CSF Shunt Valve Study

Conditions:Women's Studies
Therapuetic Areas:Reproductive
Age Range:1 - 21
Start Date:March 2016
End Date:May 2020
Contact:Lisa Tetreault, RN,BSN

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Inadvertent Cerebral Spinal Fluid Valve Reprogramming: Prevalence and the Correlation With Signs, Symptoms, Radiographic Changes and the Exposure to Magnetic Fields.

The treatment of hydrocephalus is the most time consuming, and arguably the most important
role of the pediatric neurosurgical service at most children's' hospitals. Despite many
technological advances, cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) shunting procedures remain the mainstay
of hydrocephalus treatment. While often lifesaving, CSF shunting procedures are associated
with high complication rates and account for a disproportionate share of health care
expenditures and morbidity.

Programmable CSF shunt valves, through which CSF flow and pressure can be adjusted by quick
and painless transcutaneous reprogramming, have been implanted for more than 15 years in the
developed world. Reprogramming these valves relies on rotational magnetic forces, which are
applied by neurosurgeons and neurosurgical advanced practice providers. Inadvertent
reprogramming (IR) can occur when patients with these valves are exposed to magnetic fields
in the environment, which may lead to serious symptoms that may require urgent reprogramming
and/or surgery.

The concurrent proliferation of magnetically sensitive programmable CSF shunt valves and
household items that generate substantial magnetic fields has caused concern among patients,
parents and providers about the potential consequences of inadvertent valve reprogramming.
This growing concern led the FDA to issue a warning to individuals with programmable valves
in 2014, which deemed the programmable valves safe for use but vulnerable to IR when
household devices such as tablets or cell phones are placed within 2 inches of the valve.
The FDA recommended further study, stating that no systematic evaluation had been performed
regarding the prevalence of accidental valve adjustments.

By evaluating each of the patients with magnetically susceptible CSF shunt valves, during
each of the routine points of contact with the service, investigators aim to define the
prevalence of inadvertent shunt reprogramming, to correlate with the presence and absence of
symptoms and radiographic changes, and to evaluate the risk of inadvertent shunt
reprogramming based on exposure to common environmental items.

Investigators intend to evaluate all patients 21 years old and younger with magnetically
susceptible CSF shunts, specifically those with Strata (Medtronic, Dublin) valves implanted.
All evaluations will be performed during routine patient care in the hospital, the emergency
department and in the outpatient facilities. Valve settings will be checked transcutaneously
in the standard manner, before and after any MRI studies.

Evaluating IR and making correlations between exposure to MRI or environmental magnets and
symptoms and radiographic changes (when available) will require the patient or family to
complete a brief questionnaire. It will then require the study team and delegated providers
to check the valve setting before and after MRI, and to gather clinical information from the
medical record and from the current clinical evaluation.

Each patient's initial enrollment will require the acquisition of an informed consent, which
will cover all future evaluations of IR during the three year study period for that patient.
However, every time a patient enrolled in the study encounters the neurosurgical service,
all study steps will be performed, including the valve check before and after MRI, the
participant's completion of the questionnaire, and the research staff's completion of the
data sheets.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients 21 years of age and younger

- With Strata valve CSF shunts

- Who are being evaluated by the All Children's Hospital (ACH) neurosurgical service as
part of standard of care

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients older than 21 years of age

- Do not have a Strata CSF shunt valve

- Not patients of the All Children's Hospital neurosurgical service
We found this trial at
Saint Petersburg, Florida 33701
Principal Investigator: Gerald Tuite, MD
Phone: 727-767-2081
Saint Petersburg, FL
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