Non-Operative Radiation Management of Adenocarcinoma of the Lower Rectum

Status:Active, not recruiting
Conditions:Colorectal Cancer, Cancer, Cancer, Cancer, Cancer
Therapuetic Areas:Oncology
Age Range:18 - Any
Start Date:May 27, 2016
End Date:March 15, 2020

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Non-Operative Radiation Management of Adenocarcinoma of the Lower Rectum (NORMAL-R)

The purpose of this research study is to look at how tumors responds to a short course of
radiation (5 days) followed by 8 cycles of chemotherapy.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Diagnosis of biopsy proven stage I-IIIB (cT1-3, N0-1, M0) adenocarcinoma of the
rectum; staging must also be based on multidisciplinary evaluation including MRI
and/or endorectal ultrasound

- Tumor ≤ 12 cm from anal verge as determined by MRI or endoscopy a

- ECOG performance status 0-2

- At least 18 years of age

- Adequate bone marrow function defined as:

- ANC > 1,500 cells/mm3

- Hgb > 8 g/dl

- platelets >100,000 cells/mm3

- Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception
(hormonal or barrier method of birth control, abstinence) prior to study entry and for
the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is
pregnant while participating in this study, she must inform her treating physician

- Able to understand and willing to sign an IRB-approved written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- No clinically detectable (MR, endoscopy or DRE) tumor present

- Prior radiation therapy, chemotherapy or extirpative surgery for rectal cancer.

- Any evidence of disease from another malignancy or history of other malignancy ≤ 3
years previous with the exception of basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
which were treated with local resection only or carcinoma in situ of the cervix).
Patients with history of prostate cancer treated without radiotherapy and no evidence
of disease are eligible.

- Currently receiving any investigational agents.

- A history of allergic reaction attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic
composition to 5FU, oxaliplatin, or leucovorin.

- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active
infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac
arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with
study requirements.

- Pregnant and/or breastfeeding. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative
serum pregnancy test within 14 days of study entry.

- Known HIV-positivity and on combination antiretroviral therapy because of the
potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with the study drugs. In addition, these
patients are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with
marrow-suppressive therapy. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients
receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated.
We found this trial at
660 S Euclid Ave
Saint Louis, Missouri 63110
(314) 362-5000
Phone: 314-362-8502
Washington University School of Medicine Washington University Physicians is the clinical practice of the School...
Saint Louis, MO
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