Nab-Paclitaxel, Capecitabine, and Radiation Therapy Following Induction Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

Conditions:Cancer, Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer
Therapuetic Areas:Oncology
Age Range:19 - Any
Start Date:November 12, 2015
End Date:November 30, 2019
Contact:Sunil Krishnan

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Combining Abraxane With Capecitabine and Radiation Therapy for Consolidation of Treatment Following Induction Chemotherapy for Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of nab-paclitaxel when given
together with capecitabine and radiation therapy following first treatment with chemotherapy
(induction therapy) in treating patients with pancreatic cancer that is not spread to tissue
far away but is not operable due to abutment or encasement of blood vessels nearby (locally
advanced). Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as nab-paclitaxel and capecitabine, work in
different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping
them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high-energy
x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving nab-paclitaxel, capecitabine, and
radiation therapy together may kill more tumor cells.


I. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of combining nab-paclitaxel (abraxane) with
capecitabine and radiation (radiation therapy) for consolidating treatment after induction
chemotherapy for locally advanced pancreatic cancer.


I. To evaluate whether combining abraxane with capecitabine and radiation for consolidating
treatment after induction chemotherapy for locally advanced pancreatic cancer increases
overall survival.

II. To analyze fine needle aspiration (FNA) or core needle biopsy samples for mothers against
decapentaplegic homolog 4 (SMAD4) by immunocytochemistry.

III. To evaluate plasma cytokines levels, circulating tumor cells before, during and after

IV. To evaluate patient-reported symptoms using the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory
Gastrointestinal Cancer Module (MDASI-GI).

V. To evaluate response rate in patients treated at the maximum tolerated dose (MTD).

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of nab-paclitaxel.

Patients receive nab-paclitaxel intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, 22, and
29 and capecitabine orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-5 (Monday-Friday). Patients also
undergo radiation therapy once daily (QD) on days 1-5 (Monday-Friday). Treatment continues
for 5 1/2 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 4-6 weeks and then every 3

Inclusion Criteria:

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1

- Cytologic or histologic proof of adenocarcinoma of the pancreas; patients can have
tumor which is locally advanced or borderline resectable; unequivocal metastases and
islet cell tumors are not eligible

- All patients must be staged with a physical exam, computed tomography (CT) of the
chest and contrast-enhanced helical thin-cut abdominal CT; unresectability is defined
by CT criteria:

- Evidence of tumor extension to the celiac axis or superior mesenteric (SM)
artery, or

- Evidence on either CT or angiogram of occlusion of the SM vein or SM/portal vein

- Patients must have received prior induction chemotherapy for at least 2 months and up
to 8 months; at least three weeks should have elapsed after the last chemotherapy

- Platelets > 100,000 cells/mm^3

- Hemoglobin > 9.0 g/dL

- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500 cells/mm^3

- Bilirubin =< 1.5 mg/dL

- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 2.5 x upper
limit of normal

- Alkaline phosphatase < 2.5 x upper limit of normal

- Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) < 30 mg/dL

- Creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL or creatinine clearance > 30 ml/min (estimated as calculated
with Cockcroft-Gault equation)

- Patients must have signed informed consent indicating that they are aware of the
investigational nature of the study, and are aware that participation is voluntary

- Patients must have < grade 2 pre-existing peripheral neuropathy (per Common
Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE])

- Patients must have recovery from other clinically significant, non-hematologic
toxicities to =< grade 2

- Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males must use an effective
contraception method during treatment and for three months after completing treatment

- Negative serum or urine beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) pregnancy test at
screening for female patients of childbearing potential

Exclusion Criteria:

- Prior abdominal radiotherapy

- Current, recent (within 4 weeks of the first infusion of this study), or planned
participation in any other experimental drug study

- Prior severe infusion reaction (bronchospasm, stridor, urticaria and/or hypotension)
to a taxane therapy

- Prior unanticipated severe reaction to fluoropyrimidine therapy or known
hypersensitivity to 5-fluorouracil

- Prior history of cancer within the last three years except for basal cell carcinoma of
the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix; patients with previous malignancies but
without evidence of disease for 3 years will be allowed to enter the trial

- Pregnant or lactating women; women of childbearing potential with either a positive or
no pregnancy test at baseline; women/men of childbearing potential not using a
reliable contraceptive method (oral contraceptive, other hormonal contraceptive,
intrauterine device, diaphragm or condom); (postmenopausal women must have been
amenorrheic for at least 12 months to be considered of non-childbearing potential);
patients must agree to continue contraception for 30 days from the date of the last
study drug administration

- Lack of physical integrity of the upper gastrointestinal tract, malabsorption syndrome
or inability to swallow

- Known, existing uncontrolled coagulopathy, international normalized ratio (INR) > 1.5

- Patients on Coumadin must be changed to Lovenox at least 1 week prior to starting
capecitabine; low dose (1 mg) Coumadin is allowed; intravenous and low-molecular
weight heparin are permitted

- Patients taking sorivudine or brivudine must be off of these drugs for 4 weeks prior
to starting capecitabine; patients taking cimetidine must have this drug discontinued;
ranitidine or a drug from another anti-ulcer class can be substituted for cimetidine
if necessary; if patient is currently receiving allopurinol, must discuss with
principal investigator (PI) to see of another agent may substitute for it

- Inability to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures

- History of interstitial lung disease, history of slowly progressive dyspnea and
unproductive cough, sarcoidosis, silicosis, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis or pulmonary
hypersensitivity pneumonitis
We found this trial at
Houston, Texas 77094
Principal Investigator: Sunil Krishnan
Phone: 713-563-2300
Houston, TX
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Houston, Texas 77030
Principal Investigator: Sunil Krishnan
Phone: 713-563-2300
Houston, TX
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League City, Texas 77573
Principal Investigator: Sunil Krishnan
Phone: 713-563-2300
League City, TX
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Sugar Land, Texas 77478
Principal Investigator: Sunil Krishnan
Phone: 713-563-2300
Sugar Land, TX
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The Woodlands, Texas 77384
Principal Investigator: Sunil Krishnan
Phone: 713-563-2300
The Woodlands, TX
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