Pegylated Liposomal Doxorubicin Hydrochloride and Carboplatin Followed by Surgery and Paclitaxel in Treating Patients With Triple Negative Stage II-III Breast Cancer

Conditions:Breast Cancer, Cancer, Cancer, Cancer, Cancer, Cancer, Cancer, Cancer
Therapuetic Areas:Oncology
Age Range:18 - Any
Start Date:December 26, 2014
End Date:July 2020
Contact:Clinical Trials Office

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A Phase 2 Trial of Liposomal Doxorubicin and Carboplatin in Patients With ER, PR, HER2 Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC)

This phase II trial studies how well pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride and
carboplatin followed by surgery and paclitaxel work in treating patients with stage II-III
breast cancer that does not have estrogen receptors, progesterone receptors, or large amounts
of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)/neu protein (triple negative). Drugs used
in chemotherapy, such as pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride, carboplatin, and
paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the
cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving pegylated
liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride and carboplatin before surgery may make the tumor smaller
and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed. Giving pegylated liposomal
doxorubicin hydrochloride and carboplatin followed by surgery and paclitaxel may be an
effective treatment for breast cancer.


I. To determine the rate of pathologic complete response with treatment of liposomal
doxorubicin (pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride) and carboplatin in patients with
estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), HER2 negative breast cancer (triple
negative breast cancer [TNBC]).


I. To determine the recurrence free survival (RFS), 2-year RFS, and overall survival (OS)
after treatment with neoadjuvant liposomal doxorubicin and carboplatin followed by definitive
breast surgery and then weekly paclitaxel in patients with ER, progesterone receptor (PgR),
HER2 negative breast cancer.

II. To describe the mutational spectrum of tumors found in primary, untreated ER, PgR, HER2
negative breast cancer and their association with pathologic complete response to neoadjuvant
pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride (doxil) and carboplatin.

III. To determine functional significance of genomic landscape in predicting drug response
using patient derived xenograft (PDX) and ex vivo models.


NEOADJUVANT: Patients receive pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride* intravenously
(IV) over 90 minutes and carboplatin IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every
28 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ADJUVANT: Patients undergo definitive surgery at the discretion of the treating physician.
Patients then receive paclitaxel IV over 60 minutes once weekly for 12 weeks in the absence
of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

*NOTE: If there is a shortage of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride, patients
receive epirubicin hydrochloride IV over 15-20 minutes on day 1.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months for up to 20

Inclusion Criteria:

- Women with previously untreated, unilateral stage II-III breast cancer, ER/PgR/HER2
negative (ER =< 5%, PgR =< 5%, HER2 0-1+ by immunohistochemistry [IHC] or fluorescence
in situ hybridization [FISH] =< 2.0); if clinically negative lymph nodes, tumor size
should be minimum 1.0 cm and identifiable under office-based ultrasound guidance

- Negative serum or urine beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) pregnancy test at
screening for patients of child-bearing potential within one week prior to enrollment

- Patients with reproductive potential must use an adequate contraceptive method (e.g.
abstinence, intrauterine device, oral contraceptives, barrier device with spermicide
or surgical sterilization) during treatment and for three months after completing

- Patients must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status < 2

- Life expectancy >= 52 weeks excluding their diagnosis of breast cancer

- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500 cells/mm^3

- Platelets >= 100,000 cells/mm^3

- Hemoglobin > 9.0 g/dL

- Creatinine < 2.5 mg/dL

- Total bilirubin < 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase
[SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT])
< 2.5 X institutional ULN

- Patients must have normal cardiac function, as evidenced by a left ventricular
ejection fraction (LVEF) within institutional normal limits; echocardiogram may be
used if multi gated acquisition (MUGA) scan is not available, but the same test must
be used throughout the study to evaluate LVEF

- Computed tomography of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis (CT CAP) and bone scan performed
within 30 days prior to study entry and does not demonstrate metastatic disease

- Patients may not receive concurrent treatment with other investigational or commercial
agent(s) for treatment of their breast cancer

- The patient or, if applicable, her legally authorized representative must have signed
and dated an Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved consent form that conforms to
federal and institutional guidelines

- Patients must be eligible to undergo surgery, either lumpectomy or mastectomy for
local treatment of the breast cancer; surgical margins at discretion of surgeon per
National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines; axillary exploration at
discretion of surgeon but all patients minimally have sentinel lymph node evaluation
at time of surgery

- Imaging by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound and/or mammogram and physical
exam to document lesions size must be performed within 30 days of study entry

- Must not exhibit a non-healing wound or any skin breakdown

- Before administering liposomal doxorubicin, patients must wait 4-6 weeks after surgery

- Submission of tumor samples from the diagnostic biopsy and breast surgery is required
for all patients

Exclusion Criteria:

- Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding

- Second primary malignancy except most situ carcinoma (e.g. in situ carcinoma of the
cervix, adequately treated non-melanomatous carcinoma of the skin) or other malignancy
treated at least 5 years previously with no evidence of recurrence

- Definitive clinical or radiologic evidence of metastatic disease; imaging must have
been performed no greater than 30 days prior to initiation of chemotherapy

- Diagnosis of inflammatory breast cancer

- History of hypersensitivity reactions attributed to a conventional formulation of
doxorubicin hydrochloride (HCL) or the components of doxil, paclitaxel, or carboplatin

- Serious concomitant systemic disorders (including active infections or chronic
infection requiring suppressive antibiotics) that would compromise the safety of the
patient or compromise the patient's ability to complete the study, at the discretion
of the investigator

- Myocardial infarct or unstable angina within 6 months before enrollment, New York
Heart Association (NYHA) class II or greater heart failure, uncontrolled angina,
severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, clinically significant pericardial
disease, valvular disease with documented compromise in cardiac function, or
electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemic or active conduction system

- Prior anthracycline, platinum salt, or taxane for any malignancy

- Known or active hepatitis B or C with abnormal liver function tests

- Significant vascular disease (e.g., aortic aneurysm, aortic dissection)

- Symptomatic peripheral vascular disease

- Evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy

- Intrinsic lung disease resulting in moderate to severe dyspnea

- History of a major organ allograft or condition requiring chronic immunosuppression,
e.g., kidney, liver, lung, heart, bone marrow transplant, or autoimmune diseases; this
includes treatment with corticosteroids within one month (dose of >= 10 mg/day
methylprednisolone equivalent) (excluding inhaled steroids); patients who have
received corneal transplants, cadaver skin, or bone transplants are eligible

- Nervous system disorder (paresthesias, peripheral motor neuropathy, or peripheral
sensory neuropathy) >= grade 2, per the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events
version 4.0 (CTCAE v4.0)

- Conditions that would prohibit administration of corticosteroids
We found this trial at
New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903
Principal Investigator: Kim M. Hirshfield
Phone: 732-235-6028
New Brunswick, NJ
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