Combination Chemotherapy Before and After Surgery in Treating Patients With Localized Pancreatic Cancer

Conditions:Cancer, Cancer, Cancer, Cancer, Cancer, Cancer, Cancer
Therapuetic Areas:Oncology
Age Range:18 - Any
Start Date:September 2013
End Date:December 2020
Contact:Kamil Sadowski, BS, CCRC

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Phase II Study of Peri-Operative Modified Folfirinox in Localized Pancreatic Cancer

This phase II trial studies how well combination chemotherapy before and after surgery works
in treating patients with localized pancreatic cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as
leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, irinotecan hydrochloride, and oxaliplatin, work in
different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping
them from dividing. Giving combination chemotherapy before surgery may make the tumor smaller
and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed. Giving these treatments
after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery.


I. To determine the progression-free survival in patients with resectable non-metastatic
pancreatic cancer treated with peri-operative modified leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil,
irinotecan hydrochloride, oxaliplatin (mFOLFIRINOX).


I. Determine overall survival. II. Determine objective response rate after neoadjuvant


I. Compare R0 resection rate and pathologic stage with institutional historical controls who
did not receive neoadjuvant therapy.

II. Correlate early metabolic response, determined by changes in glucose metabolism using
positron emission tomography (PET) scanning, with pathologic response, R0 resection, and
pathologic stage.

III. Correlate early metabolic response, determined by changes in glucose metabolism using
PET scanning, with progression-free and overall survival.

IV. Correlate pre-operative response of CA19-9 with progression-free and overall survival.

V. Collect and bank serial serum and plasma specimens from subjects for future correlative
biomarker studies.

VI. Collect and bank tumor tissue from subjects prior to treatment (from the diagnostic
endoscopic ultrasonography [EUS]-guided biopsy) and after treatment with six cycles of
FOLFIRINOX (from the surgical specimen) for future correlative biomarker studies.


NEOADJUVANT THERAPY: Patients receive mFOLFIRINOX comprising oxaliplatin intravenously (IV)
over 2 hours, levoleucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours, irinotecan hydrochloride IV over 90
minutes, and fluorouracil IV continuously for 46 hours on day 1. Treatment repeats every 2
weeks for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

SURGERY: Beginning 3-8 weeks after completion of neoadjuvant therapy patients undergo
surgical resection.

ADJUVANT THERARPY: Beginning within 12 weeks after surgery, patients receive mFOLFIRINOX as
in neoadjuvant therapy. Treatment repeats every 2 weeks for up to 6 courses in the absence of
disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 2 months for 3 years,
every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Pathologic or cytologic documentation of pancreatic adenocarcinoma

- Resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma disease as defined as follows:

- No evidence of extrapancreatic disease by cross sectional imaging, PET scan, or
laparoscopy, including nodal involvement beyond the peripancreatic tissues and/or
distant metastases;

- No evidence of tumor extension to superior mesenteric artery, hepatic artery,
celiac axis, aorta, or inferior vena cava, and no evidence of occlusion or
encasement of the superior mesenteric vein or superior mesenteric vein/portal
vein confluence, as assessed by computed tomography (CT) using pancreatic
protocol (or magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] in patients who cannot undergo CT)
and EUS

- No prior treatment (chemotherapy, biological therapy, or radiotherapy) for resectable
pancreatic cancer

- No prior treatment with oxaliplatin, irinotecan (irinotecan hydrochloride),
fluorouracil or capecitabine

- Patients who received chemotherapy > 5 years ago for malignancies other than
pancreatic cancer are eligible

- There is no evidence of the second malignancy at the time of study entry

- > 4 weeks since major surgery

- No other concurrent anticancer therapy

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status: 0-1

- No other malignancy within past five years except basal cell carcinoma of the skin,
cervical carcinoma in situ, or non-metastatic prostate cancer

- Paraffin block or slides must be available

- Adequate organ function

- No interstitial pneumonia or extensive and symptomatic interstitial fibrosis of the

- No >= grade 2 sensory peripheral neuropathy

- No uncontrolled seizure disorder, active neurological disease, or known central
nervous system (CNS) disease

- No significant cardiac disease, including the following: unstable angina, New York
Heart Association class II-IV congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction within
six months prior to study enrollment

- No history of chronic diarrhea

- Not pregnant and not nursing

- No other medical condition or reason that, in the opinion of the investigator, would
preclude study participation

- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/uL

- Platelet count >= 100,000/uL

- Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL

- Creatinine < 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) or

- Estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) > 30 ml/min

- Bilirubin =< 1.5 X ULN

- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3 X ULN

- Negative pregnancy test in women of childbearing age
We found this trial at
New Haven, Connecticut 6520
(203) 432-4771
Principal Investigator: Jill Lacy
Phone: 203-785-6661
Yale University Yale's roots can be traced back to the 1640s, when colonial clergymen led...
New Haven, CT
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