A Primary Care, EHR- Based Strategy to Promote Safe and Appropriate Drug Use

Therapuetic Areas:Endocrinology
Age Range:18 - 90
Start Date:June 2013
End Date:September 2017
Contact:Neeha Shrestha, MPH

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This study seeks to evaluate a low-literacy strategy in a primary health care setting for
promoting safe and effective prescription medication use among English and Spanish-speaking
patients with diabetes.

The investigators hypothesize that in comparison with patients receiving standard care, the
patients that received the Electronic Health Record (EHR) strategy will 1) demonstrate
better understanding of how to safely dose out their medication regimen; 2) have fewer
discrepancies in their medication lists; 3) take their medication regimen more efficiently;
4) have greater adherence to their medication regimen.

The strategy takes advantage of health information technology to assist patients with
Medication Therapy Management (MTM) tasks, intervening with a set of low-literacy MTM
printed tools triggered by the Electronic Health Record (EHR) in a primary health care
clinic. Patients at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) Medicine Clinic who are
randomized to the intervention arm will be given three printed tools, one when they check in
to the clinic and the other two when they check out. The Electronic Health Record (EHR)
triggers the printing of these tools, and the receptionist hands them to the patient.
Patients receive either English or Spanish language materials depending on the preference
determined in the screening process and stored in their EHR.

Specific Aims

1. Refine and Field Test an EHR strategy for generating and distributing low literacy
prescription information for English and Spanish-speaking patients

2. Assess the process of the EHR intervention and its fidelity for providing prescription
information for patients at the point of prescribing and dispensing medications.

3. Evaluate the effectiveness of the EHR strategy to improve medication understanding,
reconciliation, regimen consolidation, and adherence compared to standard care.

In addition, we will be powered to also investigate our strategy's impact on intermediary
clinical outcomes including systolic blood pressure, HbA1c, and LDL cholesterol.

Inclusion Criteria:

- 18-years old or older;

- have a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus either by ICD-billing codes or indicative

- are prescribed at least (3) chronic condition medications according to the EHR
medication list;

- are English or Spanish-speaking;

- have no imminent intention to move or change clinics within the next year;

- score 4 or higher on the six-question screener based on the Mini-Mental Status Exam;

- are primarily responsible for administering their own medications;

- prescribed a new chronic condition medication (including refills, and change in
titrations) during their clinic visit and day.

Exclusion Criteria:

- under age of 18 years-old;

- does not speak English or Spanish;

- dependent on assistance for medication administration;

- scored less than 4 on the six-question screener;

- not prescribed a new medication or changed medication at clinical appointment;
We found this trial at
303 East Superior Street
Chicago, Illinois 60611
Chicago, IL
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2035 W Taylor St
Chicago, Illinois
(312) 996-4350
Principal Investigator: William Galanter, MD
Phone: 312-355-0711
University of Illinois at Chicago A major research university in the heart of one of...
Chicago, IL
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