Molecular Regulation of Muscle Glucose Metabolism

Conditions:Obesity Weight Loss, Diabetes
Therapuetic Areas:Endocrinology
Age Range:30 - 65
Start Date:April 2012
End Date:April 2016

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This protocol is being conducted to determine the mechanisms responsible for insulin
resistance, obesity and type 2 diabetes.

This protocol involves performance of a hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp with 2 muscle
biopsies and an exercise study with a muscle biopsy.

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Subjects must be able to communicate meaningfully with the investigator and must be
legally competent to provide written informed consent.

2. Subjects may be of either sex, age as described in each protocol. Female subjects must
be non-lactating and must either be at least two years post-menopausal, (if diabetic
or obese) or be using adequate contraceptive precautions (i.e. oral contraceptives,
approved hormonal implant, intrauterine device, diaphragm with spermicide, condom with
spermicide), or be surgically sterilized (i.e. bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral
oophorectomy). Female patients (except for those patients who have undergone a
hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy) are eligible only if they have a negative
pregnancy test throughout the study period.

3. Subjects must range in age as described in each specific protocol.

4. All nondiabetic subjects must have normal oral glucose tolerance.

5. Subjects must have the following laboratory values:

1. Hematocrit ≥ 35 vol%

2. Serum creatinine ≤ 1.6 mg/dl

3. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (SGOT) < 2 times upper limit of normal

4. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (SGPT) < 2 times upper limit of normal

5. Alkaline phosphatase < 2 times upper limit of normal

6. Triglycerides < 150 mg/dl.

7. Prothrombin time (PT) 11.7 -14.3 (During Liposyn/heparin infusion, PT will be
determined to insure that it is < 1.5-2.0 times the normal value.)

8. Partial thromboplastin time (PTT) 23.0-37.0.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Subjects must not be receiving any of the following medications: thiazide or
furosemide diuretics, beta-blockers, or other chronic medications with known adverse
effects on glucose tolerance levels unless the patient has been on stable dose of such
agents for the past three months before entry into the study. Subjects may be taking a
stable dose of estrogens or other hormonal replacement therapy, if the subject has
been on these agents for the prior three months. Subjects taking systemic
glucocorticoids are excluded.

2. Subjects with a history of clinically significant heart disease (New York Heart
Classification greater than grade II; more than non-specific ST-T wave changes on the
EKG), peripheral vascular disease (history of claudication), or pulmonary disease
(dyspnea on exertion of one flight or less; abnormal breath sounds on auscultation)
will not be studied.

3. Recent systemic or pulmonary embolus, untreated high-risk proliferative retinopathy,
recent retinal hemorrhage, uncontrolled hypertension, systolic BP > 180, diastolic BP
> 105, autonomic neuropathy, resting heart rate > 100, electrolyte abnormalities.
We found this trial at
13400 E. Shea Blvd.
Scottsdale, Arizona 85259
Phone: 480-301-4626
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