Retinal Imaging of Subjects Implanted With Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor (CNTF)-Releasing Encapsulated Cell Implant for Early-stage Retinitis Pigmentosa

Status:Active, not recruiting
Therapuetic Areas:Ophthalmology
Age Range:18 - 55
Start Date:January 2012
End Date:August 2019

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Photoreceptor Structure in A Phase 2 Study of Encapsulated Human NTC-201 Cell Implants Releasing Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor (CNTF) for Participants With Retinitis Pigmentosa Using Rates of Change in Cone Spacing and Density

This clinical trial is a single-site, 30 patient study for participants who have early stage
retinitis pigmentosa, or Usher syndrome (type 2 or 3). Funding Source - FDA OOPD and
Foundation Fighting Blindness.

This clinical trial is a prospective, randomized, double-masked, sham-controlled trial of 30
study participants who have early-stage retinitis pigmentosa, or Usher syndrome (type 2 or
3). The trial will be conducted at the University of California, San Francisco. Individuals
with these diseases experience gradually worsening vision that ultimately may lead to
blindness due to a genetic condition in which specialized cells in the eye's retina called
photoreceptor cells cease functioning and/or die. The study is intended to use a relatively
new, non-invasive technology called AOSLO (adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopy) in
combination with a routine standard of care measurement called sdOCT (Spectral Domain Optical
Coherence Tomography) to demonstrate that when a device that secretes an investigational drug
called CNTF (Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor) is surgically placed in the patient's eye, one type
of photoreceptor called "cone photoreceptors" is preserved such that the gradual loss of
vision is halted.

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Participant must be between 18 and 55 years of age.

2. Participant must have a diagnosis of retinitis pigmentosa or Usher Syndrome type 2 or
3 (without profound deafness or cochlear implants).

3. Participant must understand and sign the protocol informed consent. If the
participant's vision is impaired to the point where he/she cannot read the informed
consent document, the document will be read to the participant in its entirety.

4. Best-corrected visual acuity must be no worse than 20/63 (at least 59 letters).

5. Participants must have clear natural lenses.

6. Participants must have less than 6 diopters myopia.

7. Participants must be medically able to undergo ophthalmic surgery for the NT-501
device insertion and able to undergo all assessments and tests associated with the

8. Females of childbearing potential (women with last menses <1 year prior to screening)
must agree to use an effective form of birth control from study onset until they
complete the study.

9. Participants must have reproducible baseline AOSLO image at 2 baseline imaging
sessions with quality suitable to identify a minimum of 7 regions of interest (ROIs)
at which reliable cone spacing and/or density measures can be made over the central
5.7 degrees.

10. Participants must have interocular symmetry of disease severity as measured by cone
spacing, with a difference of less than 2 standard deviations in average cone spacing
z-scores at the selected ROIs between the 2 eyes.

11. Participant's clinical diagnosis must be consistent with retinal degeneration in the
set of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) dystrophies.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Participant is medically unable to comply with study procedures or follow-up visits.

2. Participant who has any of the following lens opacities: cortical opacity > standard
3, posterior subcapsular opacity > standard 3, or a nuclear opacity > standard 3 as
measured on the AREDS clinical lens grading system; or participant is pseudophakic or

3. Participant has history of corneal opacification or lack of optical clarity.

4. Participant has undergone LASIK surgery or other refractive surgery for either eye.

5. Participant has nystagmus.

6. Participant has greater than 6 diopters myopia.

7. Participant has cystoid macular edema with cysts present within 4 degrees of the
foveal center that prevent acquisition of at least 7 regions of interest with clear
images of cone photoreceptors.

8. Participant has fewer than 7 regions of interest (ROIs) present on 2 baseline AOSLO
image montages.

9. Participant has retinal vascular disease such as diabetic retinopathy or prior retinal
vascular occlusive disease.

10. Participant has chronic requirement (e.g., ≥4 weeks at a time) for ocular medications
or has disease(s) that in the judgment of the examining physician are vision
threatening, toxic to the lens, retina, or optic nerve or may affect the primary

11. Participant has a requirement of acyclovir and/or related products during study
duration. To be eligible for this study, the participant must discontinue use of these
products prior to enrollment and must not continue with the products until after they
have completed the study.

12. Participant is receiving systemic steroids or other immunosuppressive medications.

13. Participant is currently participating in or has participated in any other clinical
trial of a drug by ocular or systemic administration within the last 6 months.

14. Participant has previous exposure to an intra-ocular device or implant into the eye
(excluding intra-ocular lens).

15. Participant has uveitis or other retinal inflammatory disease.

16. Participant has a history of myocardial infarction within the last 12 months.

17. Participant is pregnant or lactating.

18. Participant is considered immunodeficient or has a known history of HIV. A laboratory
test for HIV will be performed, and a positive result is also an exclusion criterion.

19. Participant with a history of ocular herpes zoster.

20. Participant is on chemotherapy.

21. Participant has a history of malignancy, except study participant with cancer treated
successfully ≥5 years prior to inclusion in the trial.

22. Participant with severe hearing disabilities in both ears.

23. Participant who has been diagnosed and treated for amblyopia as an infant.

24. Participant who, in the opinion of the study doctor, will not be a good study subject.
We found this trial at
San Francisco, California 94143
Principal Investigator: Jacque Duncan, MD
Phone: 415-476-0444
San Francisco, CA
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