Ofatumumab Subcutaneous Administration in Subjects With Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis



Status:Completed
Conditions:Neurology, Multiple Sclerosis
Therapuetic Areas:Neurology, Other
Healthy:No
Age Range:18 - 55
Updated:10/14/2017
Start Date:November 2011
End Date:June 2015

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A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Parallel-Group, Dose-Ranging Study to Investigate the MRI Efficacy and Safety of Six Months' Administration of Ofatumumab in Subjects With Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS)

Ofatumumab is a novel Immunoglobulin 1ĸ ( IgG1ĸ) lytic monoclonal antibody (mAb) that
specifically binds to the human Cluster of Differentiation 20 (CD20) antigen of which
expression is restricted to B lymphocytes from the pre-B cell stage to the plasmacytoid
immunoblast stage only. A recent trial with an anti-CD20 mAb (rituximab) demonstrated that
targeting B-cells reduces the number of gadolinium-enhancing (GdE) T1 lesions and the relapse
rate in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Ofatumumab has been shown to be both
well tolerated and efficacious in several indications, including a small, placebo-controlled
trial in RRMS using an intravenous (IV) formulation.

This double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study will investigate the safety and
efficacy of a subcutaneous formulation of ofatumumab in the treatment of subjects with RRMS.
The primary objective of the study is to investigate the efficacy as assessed by magnetic
resonance imaging. Other objectives will include evaluation of tolerability/safety,
dose-response relationship, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, exposure-response, as well as
other clinical endpoints.

Ofatumumab is a novel immunoglobulin G (IgG) 1ĸ lytic monoclonal antibody (mAb) that
specifically binds to the human CD20 antigen of which expression is restricted to B
lymphocytes from the pre-B cell stage to the plasmacytoid immunoblast stage only. A recent
trial with rituximab demonstrated that targeting B-cells reduces the number of
gadolinium-enhancing (GdE) T1 lesions and the relapse rate in Relapsing-Remitting Multiple
Sclerosis (RRMS). The intravenous (IV) formulation of ofatumumab has been shown to be both
well-tolerated and efficacious in Phase I/II & III clinical trials within in B-cell Chronic
Lymphocytic Leukemia (B-CLL), non-Hodgkin's Follicular Lymphoma (FL), and active Rheumatoid
Arthritis (RA). A Phase II study of ofatumumab in Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis
(RRMS) subjects, OMS115102 (also known as Study GEN414) is ongoing as of the development of
this protocol. The primary objective of the OMS115102 protocol was to investigate the safety
of a range of doses (100mg, 300 mg, and 700 mg) of ofatumumab in RRMS subjects, using an IV
formulation. The treatment period for OMS115102 has been completed; there are currently 4
subjects ongoing in the Individualized Follow up Phase. In the Week 0 to 24 period the
majority of subject who were exposed to active treatment with ofatumumab (active/placebo) had
Cluster of Differentiation 19 (CD19+) and CD20+ levels that were suppressed to zero; recovery
started for the 100 mg and 300 mg active/placebo groups, at approximately, 12 and 20 weeks
after discontinuation of dosing with ofatumumab, respectively. In the 700 mg active/placebo
group, all but one subject had a persistent and complete CD19+ suppression at Week 24. In the
Week 24 to 48 period, when those who had previously been exposed to placebo were treated with
ofatumumab (placebo/active), the majority of the subjects treated with ofatumumab had CD19+
and CD20+ cell levels suppressed to zero (mm3) within one week. Recovery started for the
subjects in the 100 mg placebo/active group after approximately 16 weeks (from these
subjects' first infusion). In the 300 mg and 700 mg placebo/active groups, all subjects
except one (700 mg) had persistent and complete CD19+ suppression at Week 48.

This study will evaluate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) efficacy and will investigate
the safety of ofatumumab using a subcutaneous (SQ) formulation in subjects with RRMS. This
Phase II study will be a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose
ranging study in subjects with RRMS. Randomization will be stratified based on the absence or
presence of GdE brain lesions present at screening. The core 54 week period of the study is
made up of an up to 6-week Screening Phase, a 24-week Treatment Phase, and a 24-week
Follow-up Phase. Subjects will attend the clinic a total of approximately twelve times
(including Screening) during this core 54-week period of the study. Subjects who have
remained enrolled and participate in the study from Screening though the end of the 24-Week
Follow-Up Period (Week 48 Visit) will be considered completers. Upon completion or withdrawal
from the core study period, subjects will be followed in the Individualized Follow-up Phase.
Subjects will return to the clinic every 12 weeks for a B-cell count and other safety
assessments. Subjects will remain in Individualized Follow-up (IFU) until CD19+ B-lymphocyte
counts recover to LLN or baseline (if Week 120 visit (100 weeks after the last possible treatment dose at Week 20), until either
the B-cell counts or circulating IgG are >LLN or baseline levels (if subjects with a diagnosis of RRMS will be screened for eligibility for the study. All non-MRI
screening procedures should generally be completed within 14 days of informed consent being
given. To the extent possible, investigators are to verify subjects meet all non MRI-related
entry criteria before performing screening MRIs. Subjects who meet all inclusion and
exclusion criteria will be centrally randomized into the study at the Baseline Visit (Week 0)
to receive one of the following treatment arms: SQ administration of ofatumumab 3 mg, 30 mg,
or 60 mg every 12 weeks, 60 mg every 4 weeks, or placebo. Half of the subjects randomized to
the 30 mg group, or to either of the 60 mg groups, will receive a 3 mg conditioning dose at
Week 0. Based on tolerability observed in other indications, the 3 mg conditioning dose may
produce a more gradual lysis of B-cells, thereby reducing the cytokine release reactions to
the initial 30 mg or 60 mg dose and potentially improve tolerability for subjects. The
Treatment Phase lasts for 24 weeks and the subject will be seen 8 times during this phase.
Upon completion or discontinuation of the Treatment Phase, subjects will enter a 24-week
Follow-up Phase, during which they will not receive investigational product. Ideally, no
other MS disease-modifying therapies should be taken during this period in order to allow for
a clean analysis of safety data and the potential for Cluster of Differentiation (CD)+19
B-lymphocyte cell and immunoglobulin normalization to be assessed. However, if the start of a
MS disease-modifying therapy is considered medically necessary, follow up will continue
through the completion of the 24-Week Follow-up Phase. The subject will then be withdrawn
from the study, and will not enter into the Individualized Follow-up Phase. Upon completion
of the 24-Week Follow-up Phase, all subjects who have not started an MS disease modifying
therapy (DMT) will enter the Individualized Follow up. During this Phase, subjects will
return to the clinic every 12 weeks for a B-cell count and other safety assessments. If a
subject starts a MS DMT during this follow-up phase they will be withdrawn from the study. To
the extent possible, subjects experiencing a relapse during the study should return
immediately to the clinic for evaluation. All MRI scans will be sent to a central reader for
analysis. An Independent Data Monitoring Committee (IDMC) will evaluate risks relative to
benefits through review of safety and efficacy information on an ongoing basis during the
study. Approximately 245 subjects will be screened to provide around 196 subjects for
randomization into the study. Assuming an attrition rate of 10% between the baseline visit
and the six-month treatment visit, this will provide approximately 176 evaluable subjects.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Able to provide signed, written informed consent to participate in the study

- 18-55 years of age.

- Definite diagnosis of MS according to the 2010 revisions of the McDonald diagnostic
criteria for MS [Polman, 2011].

- Subjects do not have any manifestation of another type of MS other than RRMS.

- Subjects must have a relapsing-remitting course of disease with at least one of the
following prior to screening:

- At least one confirmed relapse within the previous year or

- At least two confirmed relapses within the previous 2 years or

- At least one relapse in the previous 2 years, with a GdE brain lesion on an MRI scan
in the past year.

- Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score of 0-5.5 (inclusive) at screening.

- Neurologically stable with no evidence of relapse for at least 30 days prior to start
of Screening and during the Screening Phase (subjects who relapse during the screening
Phase can be re-screened, once the relapse has resolved).

- A female subject is eligible to enter the study if she is:

- Of non-childbearing potential

- Of childbearing potential and NOT pregnant or nursing, has a negative serum pregnancy
test at screening, and agrees to one of the following:

- Complete abstinence from intercourse for the period from consent into the study until
6 months after the last dose of investigational product; or,

- Consistent and correct use of one of the following acceptable methods of birth control
for the period from consent into the study until 6 months after the last dose of
investigational product:

Oral contraceptives (either combined or progesterone only) Injectable progesterone
Levonorgestrel implants Estrogenic vaginal ring Percutaneous contraceptive patches
Intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS) with a documented failure rate of
<1% per year Male partner sterilization (vasectomy with documentation of azoospermia) prior
to the female subject's entry into the study; this male must be the sole partner for the
subject Double barrier method: condom and an occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault
caps) with a vaginal spermicidal agent (foam/gel/film/cream/suppository).

A female is considered "Non-childbearing potential" if she is status-post hysterectomy,
status-post surgical removal of both ovaries, has current, documented tubal ligation, or is
postmenopausal and >2 years without menses. Female subjects who are post-menopausal <2
years must be confirmed menopausal by Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) and estradiol
levels.

A female is considered "childbearing potential" if she has functional ovaries, ducts, and
uterus with no impairment that would cause sterility. This includes women with
oligomenorrhea (even severe), and women who are perimenopausal or who have just begun to
menstruate.

- French subjects: In France, a subject will be eligible for inclusion in this study
only if either affiliated to, or a beneficiary of, a social security category.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Unable to undergo MRI scans (e.g. due to pacemaker, severe claustrophobia,
hypersensitivity to contrast media, or who lack adequate peripheral venous access).

- Any clinically significant brain abnormality other than MS found on MRI.

- Neurological findings consistent with Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML)
or confirmed PML (see Appendix 4, Section 11.4, for PML monitoring algorithm).

- Subjects whom experience a relapse during the Screening Phase. These subjects may be
eligible for re-screening after consultation with GlaxoSmithKline (GSK).

- History of clinically significant Central Nervous System (CNS) trauma (e.g. traumatic
brain injury, cerebral contusion, spinal cord compression) or a history or presence of
myelopathy due to spinal cord compression by disk or vertebral disease.

- Prior treatment with any of the following:

- Systemic glucocorticoids or Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) within one month prior
to screening

- Receipt of a live vaccine within 6 weeks prior to screening

- Glatiramer acetate (Copaxone) or Interferon (IFN)-β (Betaferon, Betaseron, Avonex, or
Rebif) within 3 months prior to screening

- Any immunomodulatory therapies, excluding glatiramer acetate or IFN-β, within 6 months
prior to screening including natalizumab and fingolimod (Gilenya), immunoglobulin, or
plasma exchange/plasmapheresis

- Any monoclonal antibodies at any time, other than natalizumab (Tysabri)

- Any lymphocyte-depleting therapies, including, but not limited to: cladribine,
anti-Cluster of Differentiation 4 (CD4), total body irradiation, or bone marrow
transplantation

- Any immunosuppressive agents, including, but not limited to: mitoxantrone,
azathioprine, cyclosporine, cyclophosphamide, or tacrolimus

- Past or current history of medically significant adverse effects (including allergic
reactions) from:

- Cetirizine (or equivalent)

- Paracetamol/acetaminophen

- Corticosteroids

- Known hypersensitivity to components of the investigational product.

- Past or current malignancy, except for

- Cervical carcinoma Stage 1B (cancer is present but has not spread) or less

- Non-invasive basal cell and squamous cell skin carcinoma

- Cancer diagnoses with a duration of complete response (remission) >5 years

- A history of hematologic malignancy excludes a subject from participation, regardless
of response.

- Electrocardiogram (ECG) showing a clinically significant abnormality at Screening or
showing an average QT interval for heart rate corrected using Bazett's Formula (QTcB)
or QT interval for heart rate corrected using Fridericia's Formula (QTcF) interval
>/=450 msec (>/=480 msec for subjects with a Bundle Branch Block) over 3 consecutive
ECGs.

- Significant concurrent, uncontrolled medical condition including, but not limited to,
cardiac, renal, hepatic, hematological, gastrointestinal, endocrine, immunodeficiency
syndrome, pulmonary, cerebral, psychiatric, or neurological disease which in the
opinion of the investigator could affect the subject's safety, impair the subject's
reliable participation in the trial, impair the evaluation of endpoints, or
necessitate the use of medication not allowed by this protocol.

- History of severe, clinically significant CNS trauma (e.g. cerebral contusion, spinal
cord compression) or a history or presence of myelopathy due to spinal cord
compression by disk or vertebral disease.

- Chronic or ongoing active infectious disease requiring long term systemic treatment
such as, but not limited to, chronic renal infection, chronic chest infection with
bronchiectasis, tuberculosis, or active hepatitis C.

- Previous serious opportunistic or atypical infections.

- Positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) screening for John Cunningham (JC) Virus as
measured by plasma John Cunningham Virus (JCV) DNA.

- Positive serology for Hepatitis B (HB) defined as a positive test for HBsAg. In
addition, if negative for HBsAg but HBcAb positive (regardless of HBsAb status), a HB
DNA test will be performed and if positive the subject will be excluded.

- Prior history, or suspicion, of tuberculosis (TB)

- Known history of positive serology for HIV.

- Any of the following screening laboratory values:

- White blood cells (WBC) <3.8 GI/L.

- Neutrophils <2 x 109/L.

- Platelets <1.3 x 105 GI/L.

- Circulating IgG, Immunoglobulin M (IgM), or Immunoglobulin A (IgA) levels < lower
limit of normal (according to central laboratory range)

- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) >2.0 times the upper limit of normal

- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) >2.0 times the upper limit of normal

- Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) >1.5 times the upper limit of normal

- Bilirubin >1.5 times the upper limit of normal

- CD4 count <500 cells/mm3.

- CD19+ B-lymphocyte counts < lower limit of normal (according to central laboratory
range)

- Creatinine clearance <60 mL/minute (by Cockcroft and Gault).

- Subjects known or suspected of not being able to comply with a trial protocol (e.g.
due to alcoholism, drug dependency or psychological disorder).

- A documented history of attempted suicide over the 6 months prior to the screening
visit, presents with suicidal ideation of type 4 or 5 on the C-Suicide Severity Rating
Scale (SSRS) at the Screening visit, OR if in the investigator's judgment, the subject
is at risk for a suicide attempt.

- Use of an investigational drug or other experimental therapy for a condition other
than MS within 4 weeks, 5 pharmacokinetic half lives or duration of biological effect
(whichever is longer) prior to screening. Any prior use of an investigational drug or
other experimental therapy for MS at any time should be discussed with the GSK Medical
Monitor.

- Current participation in any other interventional clinical trial. Participation in a
non-interventional trial requires approval of the protocol by the GSK Medical Monitor

- French subjects: the French subject has participated in any study using an
investigational drug during the previous 30 days
We found this trial at
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Atlanta, Georgia 30341
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Cullman, Alabama 35058
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