Integrated Mental Health Treatment & HIV Prevention for Court-Involved Youth

Conditions:HIV / AIDS
Therapuetic Areas:Immunology / Infectious Diseases
Age Range:13 - 17
Start Date:August 2011

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Youth and young adults in the juvenile justice system have a high prevalence of concurrent
psychiatric and substance use disorders and are also at high risk for HIV. However, even
when the disorders and risks are recognized, most programs do not address all of these
important problems and long-term efficacy for all outcomes simultaneously has yet to be
demonstrated for these multi-problem youth. Adverse outcomes for youth include partially
treated or relapsing psychiatric disorders, continued substance abuse, unchanged HIV risk,
and further legal problems. This project, in collaboration with the Rhode Island Family
Court, with whom we have existing collaborations, will address these issues by implementing
an Integrated Treatment Program (ITP) that targets mental health/substance abuse disorders
and HIV risk. ITP is novel by targeting multiple adolescent problems simultaneously,
involving parents to augment change, and its delivery within the Family Court. This study
will extend our previous efficacious interventions among youth with psychiatric disorders to
court-involved youth. Adolescents and their parents will be enrolled from the Rhode Island
Family Court Mental Health Clinic where youth aged 13-17 are referred by judges for
comprehensive assessment and referral for treatment. This randomized controlled trial will
test the efficacy, among 200 sexually active court-involved youth who need outpatient
treatment, of the novel, integrated treatment (ITP, n=100) as compared to enhanced standard
care in community outpatient services (ESC, n=100) over an 18-month period (6 months of ITP
or ESC and 12 months of follow-up). ITP consists of three components: 1) individual
cognitive behavioral therapy which includes a motivational interviewing component and is
modular-based to address concurrent mental health and substance abuse issues; 2) family and
parent training sessions to address parental communication and monitoring to support risk
reduction among youth; 3) multifamily group workshops to address HIV risk, family
communication and peer resistance skills. Youth in both conditions (ITP and ESC) will
receive similar case management services from the court and psychiatric medication
management (if needed) from a study psychiatrist. ITP will be compared to ESC on reductions
in sexual risk behavior, substance use, symptoms of psychiatric disorders, and legal

- Adolescents from 13 -17 years of age who report unprotected sex in the past 90 days

- Determined to be in need of mental health treatment by evaluation from the RIFC
Mental Health Clinic and so ordered by the judge

- Parent available to participate in the program

- Parent and adolescent English speaking -Adolescent assent and parent/legal guardian
consent. -

Exclusion Criteria:

- DSM-IV diagnosis of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Pervasive Developmental Disorder,
or Schizophrenia as the primary, impairing diagnosis

- IQ less than 70 as determined by the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test-2 (K-BIT-2)

- Sexual offense charge pending or conviction

- Self-report of HIV infection

- Self-report of current pregnancy

- Wish to remain in mental health and/or medication treatment with an outside provider
We found this trial at
593 Eddy Street
Providence, Rhode Island 02903
Rhode Island Hospital Founded in 1863, Rhode Island Hospital in Providence, RI, is a private,...
Providence, RI
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