Panobinostat and Fluorouracil Followed By Leucovorin Calcium in Treating Patients With Stage IV Colorectal Cancer Who Did Not Respond to Previous Fluorouracil-Based Chemotherapy

Conditions:Colorectal Cancer, Cancer, Cancer
Therapuetic Areas:Oncology
Age Range:18 - Any
Start Date:October 2010
End Date:June 2016
Contact:Carol Jones, RN

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Phase I Clinical Trial With LBH589 and Infusional 5-FU/LV in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Who Failed 5-FU Based Chemotherapy

Panobinostat may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for
cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil and leucovorin calcium, work
in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by
stopping them from dividing. Giving panobinostat together with fluorouracil and leucovorin
calcium may kill more tumor cells. PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects
and the best dose of giving panobinostat, fluorouracil, and leucovorin calcium together in
treating patients with stage IV colorectal cancer who did not respond to previous
fluorouracil-based chemotherapy.


I. To determine the safety and feasibility of combining LBH589 with infusional 5-FU
chemotherapy in the treatment of Stage IV colorectal cancer patients who have progressed on
standard 5-FU regimens.

II. To determine the efficacy of LBH589 alone to produce consistent decreases in tumor
thymidylate synthase (TS) expression.


I. To determine the time to tumor progression, progression free and overall survival of
patients with advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer treated with LBH589 combined with
infusional 5-FU.

II. To determine if TS repression by LBH589 predicts response to the combination of LBH589
and infusional 5-FU in patients who have already progressed on standard regimens containing

III. To obtain preliminary data on gene expression levels of TS, DPD and TP as well as
germline polymorphisms of TS being associated with clinical outcome and toxicity.

IV. To obtain preliminary data on acetylation on peripheral blood mononuclear cells to
establish biological activity in these patients at time of biopsies.

OUTLINE: Patients receive oral panobinostat 3 times a week. Patients also receive leucovorin
calcium IV over 2 hours on days 1 and 15 followed by fluorouracil IV continuously over 46
hours on days 1-2 and 15-16. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease
progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are
followed up every 3 months.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced/metastatic
colorectal cancer

- Must have measurable disease

- Must have received prior therapy (in any setting) with 5-FU, CPT-11, and oxaliplatin;
(may have received prior erbitux and bevacizumab, but it is not required)

- Must have received at least one prior chemotherapy regimen for advanced disease

- Tumor must be accessible for core biopsy at the beginning of treatment and patients
have a high intratumoral TS expression level prior to the beginning of treatment

- Life expectancy of > 12 weeks

- ECOG performance status 0-2 (Karnofsky >= 50%)

- Normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

- Serum albumin >= 3g/dL

- AST/SGOT and ALT/SGPT =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal(ULN)or =< 5.0 x ULN if the
transaminase elevation is due to liver metastasis

- Serum bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN

- Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN or 24-hr creatinine clearance >= 50 ml/min

- Serum potassium >= LLN

- Serum phosphorous >= LLN

- Serum total calcium (corrected for serum albumin) or serum ionized calcium >= LLN

- Serum magnesium >= LLN

- TSH and free T4 within normal limits(WNL)(patients may be on thyroid hormone

- Leukocytes >= 3,000/μL

- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/μL

- Platelets >= 100,000/μL

- Hemoglobin >= 9 mg/dL

- Eligibility of patients receiving any medications or substances known to affect or
with the potential to affect the activity or pharmacokinetics of LBH589 will be
determined following review by the Principal Investigator

- Ability to understand and willing to sign a written informed consent document

- INR is =< 1.5 times ULN unless receiving therapeutic anticoagulation

- Patient is highly unlikely to conceive as indicated by at least one "yes" answer to
the following questions:

1. patient is a male and agrees to use an adequate method of contraception for the
duration of the study, and for 30 days after the last dose of study medication;

2. surgically sterilized female;

3. postmenopausal female >= 45 years of age with > 2 years since last menses;

4. non-sterilized premenopausal female and agrees to use 2 adequate barrier methods
of contraception to prevent pregnancy or agrees to abstain from heterosexual
activity throughout the study and for 30 days after the last dose of study

- Baseline MUGA must demonstrate LVEF >= the lower limit of the institutional normal

- Clinically euthyroid; Note: Patients are permitted to receive thyroid hormone
supplements to treat underlying hypothyroidism

Exclusion Criteria:

- Male patients whose sexual partners are WOCBP not using effective birth control

- May not have received any other investigational agents within 28 days of study entry
(chemotherapy, any investigational drug or undergone major surgery < 4 weeks prior to
starting study drug or who have not recovered from side effects of such therapy).

- May not receive other anti-cancer therapy (cytotoxic, biologic, radiation, or
hormonal other than for replacement) while on this study

- Patients with known brain metastases are excluded from this clinical trial

- History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic
composition to LBH589; including sodium butyrate, trichostatin A (TSA), trapoxin
(TPX), MS-27-275 and depsipeptide

- Severe and/or uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to,
ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina
pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would
limit compliance with study requirements

- Pregnant or breast feeding or patients of reproductive potential not using two
effective methods of birth control; women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must have
a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days of the first administration of oral

- History of another primary malignancy within 5 years other than curatively treated
CIS of the cervix, or basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin

- Unresolved diarrhea > CTCAE grade 1

- Acute infection requiring intravenous antibiotic, antiviral, or antifungal
medications within 2 weeks prior to the start of study drugs

- Known positivity for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis C

- Screening ECG with a QTc > 450 msec

- Patients with congenital long QT syndrome

- History of sustained ventricular tachycardia

- Any history of ventricular fibrillation or torsades de pointes

- Bradycardia defined as heart rate < 50 beats per minute; patients with a pacemaker
and heart rate >= 50 beats per minute are eligible

- Myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months of study entry

- Congestive heart failure (NY Heart Association class III or IV)

- Right bundle branch block and left anterior hemiblock (bifascicular block)

- Prior cancer treatment with an HDAC inhibitor (e.g., vorinostat, Depsipeptide,
MS-275, LAQ-824, PXD-101, and valproic acid)

- Uncontrolled hypertension

- Concomitant use of drugs with a risk of causing torsades de pointes

- Any significant history of non-compliance to medical regimens or with inability to
grant a reliable informed consent

- Impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly
alter the absorption of oral panobinostat (e.g., ulcerative disease, uncontrolled
nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, obstruction, or stomach and/or
small bowel resection)

- Patients needing valproic acid for any medical condition during the study or within 5
days prior to first LBH589
We found this trial at
1441 Eastlake Ave
Los Angeles, California 90033
(323) 865-3000
U.S.C./Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center The USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, located in Los Angeles, is...
Los Angeles, CA
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