Safety of Rt-PA + Transcranial Emission of Low-Energy Lasers for Acute Stroke Recovery

Conditions:Peripheral Vascular Disease, Neurology
Therapuetic Areas:Cardiology / Vascular Diseases, Neurology
Age Range:Any
Start Date:July 2011
Contact:Julie Jurf, RN, MSN

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To assess the safety and preliminary efficacy of combining intravenous rt-PA with
transcranial laser therapy (TLT) with the NeuroThera® Laser System (referred to hereafter as
NTS) in subjects treated for acute ischemic stroke. Treatment with IV rt-PA must begin
within 3 hours of symptom onset, and the initiation of TLT procedure must be feasible for
each subject within 6 hours of stroke onset. The NeuroThera® Laser System is an
investigational device that provides noninvasive transcranial laser therapy to subjects
diagnosed with acute ischemic stroke. The wavelength of the laser light is in the infrared
zone of the electromagnetic spectrum and is invisible to the naked eye.

This study is a phase II (n= 200), prospective, double-blind, randomized, sham-controlled,
multicenter, safety study of intravenous (IV) rt-PA alone versus IV rt-PA plus TLT
(Transcranial Laser Therapy) at approximately 10 investigational sites (United States only).
The primary endpoint for this safety study is occurrence of symptomatic intracranial
hemorrhages at 36 - 48 hours after stroke symptom onset.

Symptomatic hemorrhage will be defined as deterioration of more than 4 points on the NIHSS
lasting at least 72 hours accompanied by intracranial hemorrhage in the distribution of the
neurological deficit as identified by neuroimaging scans. All follow up neuroimaging scans
will be reviewed centrally by an independent reviewer for the presence or absence of
hemorrhage on the 36-48 hour scan.

The secondary endpoints for this study are as follows:

- Hemorrhagic transformation without clinical consequences (asymptomatic) within 36-48
hours. All follow-up neuroimaging scans will be reviewed centrally by an independent
reviewer for the presence or absence of hemorrhage on the 36-48 hour scan.

- Mortality

- The modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score dichotomized as 0-1 versus an mRS score of 2-6 at
90 days or the last rating in patients that develop intracerebral hemorrhages

- Frequency of SAEs and AEs This study is a phase II (N = 200), prospective,
double-blind, randomized, sham controlled, multicenter, safety study of intravenous
(IV) tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) versus IV rt-PA plus transcranial laser
therapy (TLT) at approximately 10 investigational sites.

The study population will be randomized into two arms. One group will receive a sham TLT
procedure (Sham Control Group or SCG) and the second group will receive an active TLT
procedure (TLTG).

The randomization ratio of SCG and TLTG will be 1:1 and will be stratified in order to
ensure balanced subject distribution between the treatment and sham-controlled groups for
the following factors:

- Stroke severity as measured by National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) at
baseline (stratified as 7-9, 10-13, 14-17)

- Study Site There are 6 visits in the study. The purpose of the Visit 1 will be to
determine and confirm the eligibility of patients for participation in the StELLAR
Study and document baseline information about the subject and their stroke event. This
will include all of the following standard of care tests and procedures: a non contrast
head CT scan performed prior to rt-PA administration, vital signs, height , weight
,physical exam, finger stick or blood glucose, serum or urine pregnancy test (if women
of childbearing potential). In addition, the following data will be obtained: prestroke
mRS, NIHSS, presumed location of stroke and vascular territory, start and stop date and
time of the IV rt-PA treatment and dose given, date and time of stroke onset, date and
time of arrival to the hospital, demographic data (date of birth, gender,
ethnicity),sociodemographic data (education, marital status, social support prior to
stroke),medical and surgical history (specific cardiovascular, neurological, endocrine,
and other standard questions asked), method of contraception use (for women of child
bearing potential), prior (three days prior to Screening) and current concomitant
medication use, smoking history, adverse events from the time of obtaining informed
consent. To be eligible for the study, the administration of rt-PA should follow the
guidelines outlined by the National Institutes of Neurologic Disorders. Patients
meeting the inclusion/exclusion criteria will be enrolled into the study after written
informed consent is obtained by the patient or their legally authorized representative.

Inclusion Criteria:

Subjects may be included in the study only if they meet all of the following criteria:

1. Subject is at least 40 years of age at screening, but has not had their 81st

2. Subject has received IV rt-PA per the NINDS rt-PA Protocol Guidelines within 3 hours
of symptom onset for an acute ischemic stroke.

3. Subject is diagnosed with acute ischemic stroke and presents to the health care
facility at a time such that initiation of NTS procedure is feasible within 6 hours
of the time of stroke onset. The time of stroke onset is defined as the time at which
a change in the baseline neurological function occurred. If the time is not known
(e.g., the subject awakens from sleep with new symptoms), the last time the patient
was observed to be neurologically intact must be considered to be the time of onset.

4. Documented baseline NIHSS score of > 7 and < 17 prior to IV rt-PA administration.
Subjects who transfer from other facilities after receiving IV rt-PA must have a
documented NIHSS by a certified examiner prior to initiation of rt-PA treatment.
Documentation of NIHSS score via telemedicine is acceptable if performed by a
certified examiner. Subjects who improve prior to NTS procedure will still be
treated, unless their NIHSS improves to 0.

5. Full functional independence just prior to the present stroke episode as defined by
the following criteria:

- Estimated prestroke mRS score 0 or 1.

- Ambulates independently, may need a cane or walker, but does not need the
assistance of another person.

- Absence of a medical/physical/mental condition that substantially limits the
subject's ability to work, study, participate in leisure activities, or look
after family at home

- Completely independent, does not need supervision (may live with other
individuals, but could live alone if necessary)

6. Negative serum or urine pregnancy test in females of childbearing potential.

7. Subject (or legally authorized representative) provides written Informed Consent in
compliance with local regulations prior to enrollment into this study.

8. The subject (and caregiver, if applicable) is willing to participate in this study
for at least 90 days after the onset of stroke.-

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Evidence on from a pre-tPA head CT of an intracranial, subdural, or subarachnoid
hemorrhage or clinical presentation suggestive of subarachnoid hemorrhage even if the
initial neuroimaging scan is normal.

2. Clinical presentation consistent with a brainstem or cerebellar stroke

3. A rapidly improving neurological status that in the opinion of the investigator will
make the subject unsuitable for participation in this study or patient rapidly
improves to NIHSS of 0 by start of NTS procedure.

4. The subject had a seizure at stroke onset or within the 7 days prior to stroke onset.

5. Sustained blood glucose > 300 mg/dl or < 60 mg/dl

6. Subjects who, on repeated measurement, have a systolic blood pressure > 185, or a
diastolic blood pressure > 110mmHg, post rt-PA administration, or it is the opinion
of the investigator that aggressive treatment to reduce blood pressure post
thrombolysis is required to keep pressure within these limits.

7. Presumed and/or confirmed septic embolus.

8. The subject has a history of CNS vascular wall disease (e.g. aneurysm, AVM).

9. The subject has a history of CNS disease or damage (e.g. neoplasm or dementia) which
may influence the subject's outcome assessment.

10. The subject has a significant skin condition (i.e., hemangioma, scleroderma,
psoriasis, rash, open wound or tattoo) on their scalp that is found to be directly
below three or more TLT procedure sites.

11. Planned or actual use of any intra-arterial thrombolytic medication or a clot
retrieval device, or any diagnostic or therapeutic interventional neurovascular
procedure, including mechanical recanalization, whether successful or unsuccessful,
during this stroke episode.

12. Subject previously participated in another investigational drug or device trial
within the preceding four weeks.

13. Subject is a female who is pregnant or lactating (within the previous 30 days),or who
is of child-bearing potential unless she is surgically sterile or she and/or her
partner are using a medically acceptable method of birth control.

14. The subject has an implant of any kind in the head (i.e. clipped aneurysm, embolised
AVM, implantable shunt - Hakim valve).

15. Any use of light-activated drugs (photodynamic therapy) within 14 days prior to study

16. The subject participated in the NEST-1, NEST-2, or NEST-3 Study.

17. The subject has any co-existing or terminal disease that may limit life expectancy or
any medical condition (e.g. morbid obesity, substance abuse) that may, in the
clinical judgment of the Investigator, independently influence the subject's outcome
during the course of the study.

18. The subject is otherwise determined, based on the opinion of the Investigator,to be
an unsuitable candidate for enrollment in this study. -
We found this trial at
5 Richland Medical Park Dr
Columbia, South Carolina 29203
(803) 434-7000
Palmetto Health Richland Palmetto Health Richland, originally founded in 1892 as Columbia Hospital, has a...
Columbia, SC
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