MRI Thermal Imaging of Infants Undergoing Cooling for Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy(HIE)

Conditions:Peripheral Vascular Disease, Infectious Disease, Neurology, Psychiatric
Therapuetic Areas:Cardiology / Vascular Diseases, Immunology / Infectious Diseases, Neurology, Psychiatry / Psychology
Age Range:Any
Start Date:May 2010
End Date:June 2018

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MRI Thermal Imaging of Infants Undergoing Cooling for HIE

Hundreds of babies in the world are being treated with brain cooling to prevent brain injury
after they lose oxygen at birth. This study will use the newly developed information from
the magnet resonance image to determine the actual temperature of the brain. This will
enable us to determine if the brain is being uniformly cooled and if techniques that provide
cooling need to be changed to improve the injury prevention from cooling.

We propose to develop a non-invasive measurement of brain tissue temperature and to apply
this measurement of infants under-going cooling for HIE

1. We propose to do this by refining the use of the MRI evaluation of the NAA-H20
frequency shift. This molecular relationship is quite accurate (based on preliminary
studies of an NAA-H20 phantom subject to controlled temperature variations) for
measuring relative temperature changes.

2. The next step will be to perform further phantom imaging with continuous temperature
measurements and to expand the phantom model. This work needs funding support to be

3. At the same time we will be applying the MRI thermal imaging protocol to infants whom
have experienced HIE and who are being treated with hypothermia to ameliorate the HIE.
We have IRB approval to approach families and to obtain the required data during
clinically indicated MRI scans, this data accumulation will add an additional 3-5
minutes to the MRI. We will then perform a second MRI after the infant is rewarmed. We
will compare the pairs of readings at two different core temperatures from at least
five regions of the brain.

4. We will evaluate results of regional temperature measurements to determine if cooling
of the human infant brain is uniform.

5. We will compare the two modalities of cooling to determine if selective head cooling
and total body cooling provide similar distribution of cooling.

6. The final goal will be to compare MRI identified injury patterns to the temperature
distribution in order to determine if distribution of cooling is related to outcome.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Infants in the NICU who are treated with hypothermia for hypoxic ischemic
encephalopathy and who are scheduled to have an MRI for evaluation of the extent of
their injury.

- Parent and attending physician consent to perform evaluation of MRI thermography.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Infants too unstable to have MRI scan, defined by being on any cardiac pressor
medications or more than 40% oxygen on the ventilator.

- Infants too active to obtain MRI without sedation.
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Nashville, TN
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