Subcutaneous Omalizumab for Treatment of Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyposis

Therapuetic Areas:Otolaryngology
Age Range:18 - Any
Start Date:December 2009
End Date:July 2015

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The investigators are doing this research study to learn more about a drug called Xolair
(omalizumab). The investigators want to see if it is an effective treatment for chronic
rhinosinusitis (CRS). Specifically, the investigators want to see whether Xolair will make
nasal polyps smaller and less thick, and relieve symptoms in people with CRS. Polyps are
abnormal growths of tissue that can grow in the lining of your sinuses (the inside of your
nose). The investigators also want to find out if it is safe to use (whether it causes side

Inclusion criteria

1. Subjects will be male or female and 18 years of age or older.

2. Females of childbearing potential will use approved contraception, defined as the use
of hormonal (oral, injectable, or implantable) or barrier-method contraceptives,
intrauterine device, or history of bilateral tubal ligation. Women who have undergone
a total hysterectomy or are two years post-menopausal will also be eligible.

3. Subjects must meet the criteria for CRS, namely they must have (1) at least two major
criteria (facial pain/pressure or headache, nasal congestion, anterior or posterior
nasal drainage, hyposmia/anosmia) for at least 3 consecutive months; (2) an abnormal
sinus CT scan in at least two sinus areas documented within 3 months of entry or
endoscopic evidence of disease.

4. Subjects must have bilateral polypoid disease demonstrated either by CT or endoscopy
with evidence of nasal polyps or polypoid mucosa on examination in at least two of
the following areas: right maxillary sinus, left maxillary sinus, right anterior
ethmoid sinus, left anterior ethmoid sinus plus a minimal polyp/polypoid score of 4
on the baseline rhinoscopic examination. (Nasal polyps are defined as discreet polyps
visible in the middle meatus area.)

5. Evidence or history of positive skin test or in vitro reactivity to a perennial

6. Subjects must meet the study drug-dosing table eligibility criteria (serum IgE level
≥ 30 to ≤ 1500 IU/mL and body weight ≥ 30 to ≤ 150 kg).

7. Subjects must have a minimum total symptom score of 5 (range of scores 0-15) at

Exclusion criteria

1. Females who are pregnant or nursing, or females of childbearing potential not using
approved contraception, defined as the use of hormonal (oral, injectable, or
implantable) or barrier-method contraceptives, intrauterine device, or history of
bilateral tubal ligation.

2. Subjects who do not meet the clinical criteria for Xolair (omalizumab)

3. Subjects who are taking a beta blocker.

4. Known sensitivity to Xolair (omalizumab).

5. Subjects who have evidence of acute bacterial exacerbation of rhinosinusitis
requiring antibiotic therapy manifesting as gross purulent drainage on physical
examination or untreated air/fluid level on sinus CT scan.

6. Subjects who have received antibiotics within 3 weeks of the screening visit.

7. Subjects with uncontrolled moderate to severe asthma who have experienced a recent
exacerbation requiring use of systemic steroids burst within 6 weeks of study
enrollment. Subjects who are receiving a maintenance dose of Prednisone of 5 mg/day
or less will be allowed provided the dose of Prednisone is not changed during the

8. Subjects with a history of uncontrolled recurrent epistaxis within the past 6 weeks.

9. Subjects with a history of hypogammaglobulinemia, cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis,
immotile cilia syndrome, systemic granulomatous disease, malignancy (or strong family
history of malignancy), or history of recent cocaine use.

10. Cigarette smoking in the past 3 years.

11. Subjects with other serious medical problems, such as Grade III/IV cardiac problems
as defined by the New York Heart Association Criteria within 6 months of study,
severe and/or uncontrolled medical disease (i.e., uncontrolled diabetes, chronic
renal or liver disease, infection with HIV or other active uncontrolled infection).
Subjects who have had a major surgery within 3 months of the screening visit.

12. Subjects with any significant history of non-compliance to medical regimens or with
inability to grant reliable informed consent.

13. Subjects with alcohol or drug abuse/dependence within the past 3 months.

14. Subjects with persistent abnormalities of hepatic, renal or hematologic function,
defined as the following: total bilirubin, SGOT and SGPT > 1.5 x upper limit of
normal, creatinine > 2.0 x upper limit of normal, absolute neutrophil count < 1.5 x
109/L, platelets < 100 x 109/L.

15. Subjects who have used oral or systemic steroid burst within 6 weeks of study

16. Use of any other investigational agent in the 30 days prior to enrollment.
We found this trial at
185 Cambridge Street
Boston, Massachusetts 02114
Boston, MA
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